Shakesperian glossary

A

ABATE

to shorten

to cast down

to blunt

ABATEMENT

diminution

ABHOR

protest; disgust

ABIDE

to sojourn

to expiate

ABLE

to uphold

ABRIDGEMENT

a short play

ABROAD

away, apart

ABROOK

to brook, abide

ABSEY-BOOK

a primer

ABSOLUTE

positive, certain

complete

ABUSE

to deceive

ABUSE

deception

ABY

to expiate a fault

ABYSM

abyss

ACCITE

to cite, summon

ACCUSE

accusation

ACHIEVE

to obtain

ACKNOWN

‘to be acknown’ is to acknowledge

ACQUITTANCE

a receipt or discharge

ACTION-TAKING

litigious

ACTURE

action

ADDITION

title, attribute

ADDRESS

to prepare oneself

ADDRESSED

prepared

ADVANCE

to prefer, promote to honour

ADVERTISEMENT

admonition

ADVERTISING

attentive

ADVICE

consideration, discretion

ADVISE

sometimes neuter, sometimes reflective, to

consider, reflect

ADVISED

considerate

ADVOCATION

pleading, advocacy

AFEARED

afraid

AFFECT

to love

AFFY

to affiance

to trust

AFRONT

in front

AGAZED

looking in amazement

AGLET-BABY

the small figure engraved on a jewel

AGNISE

to acknowledge, confess

A-GOOD

a good deal, plenteously

A-HOLD

a sea-term

AIERIE

the nest of a bird of prey

AIM

a guess

ALDER-LIEFEST

most loved of all

ALE

alehouse

ALLOW

to approve

ALLOWANCE

approval

AMES-ACE

two aces, the lowest throw of the dice

AMORT

dead, dejected

AN

if

ANCHOR

an anchorite, hermit

ANCIENT

an ensign-bearer

ANGEL

a coin, so called because it bore the image of

an angel

ANIGHT

by night

ANSWER

retaliation

ANTHROPOPHAGINIAN

a cannibal

ANTICK

the fool in the old plays

ANTRE

a cave

APPARENT

heir-apparent

APPEAL

accusation

APPEAL

to accuse

APPEARED

made apparent

APPLE-JOHN

a kind of apple

APPOINTMENT

preparation

APPREHENSION

opinion

APPREHENSIVE

apt to apprehend or understand

APPROBATION

probation

APPROOF

approbation, proof

APPROVE

to prove

to justify, make good

APPROVER

one who proves or tries

ARCH

chief

ARGAL

a ridiculous word intended for the Latin ergo

ARGENTINE

silver

ARGIER

Algiers

ARGOSY

originally a vessel of Ragusa or Ragosa, a

ragosine; hence any ship of burden

ARGUMENT

subject

ARMIGERO

a mistake for Armiger, the Latin for Esquire

AROINT

found only in the imperative mood, get thee

gone

A-ROW

in a row

ARTICULATE

to enter into articles of agreement

to exhibit in articles

ASK

to require

ASPECT

regard, looks

ASPERSION

sprinkling; hence blessing, because before the

reformation benediction was generally accompanied

by the sprinkling of holy water

ASSAY

attempt

ASSAY

to attempt, test, make proof of

ASSINEGO

an ass

ASSUBJUGATE

to subjugate

ASSURANCE

deed of assurance

ASSURED

betrothed

ATOMY

an atom

used in contempt of a small person

ATONE

to put people at one, to reconcile

to agree

ATTACH

to seize, lay hold on

ATTASKED

taken to task, reprehended

ATTEND

to listen to

ATTENT

attentive

ATTORNEY

an agent

ATTORNEY

to employ as an agent

To perform by an agent

AUDACIOUS

spirited, daring, but without any note of blame

attached to it

AUGUR

augury

AUTHENTIC

clothed with authority

AVAUNT

int. be gone, a word of abhorrence

AVE

the Latin for hail; hence acclamation

AVE-MARY

the angelic salutation addressed to the Blessed

Virgin Mary

AVERRING

confirming

AVOID

get rid of

AWFUL

worshipful

AWKWARD

contrary

B

BACCARE

keep back

BACKWARD

the hinder part; hence, when applied to time,

the past

BAFFLE

embarrass

BALKED

heaped, as on a ridge

BALLOW

a cudgel

BALM

the oil of consecration

BAN

to curse

BANK

to sail by the banks

BARM

yeast

BARN

a child

BARNACLE

a shellfish, supposed to produce the sea-bird

of the same name

BASE

a game, sometimes called Prisoners’ base

BASES

an embroidered mantle worn by knights on

horseback, and reaching from the middle to

below the knees

BASILISK

a kind of ordnance

BASTA

enough

BASTARD

raisin wine

BATE

to flutter, as a hawk

BATE

to except

to abate

BAT-FOWLING

catching birds with a clap-net by night

BATLET

a small bat, used for beating clothes

BATTLE

army

BAVIN

used as an a piece of waste wood, applied

contemptuously to anything worthless

BAWCOCK

a fine fellow

BAWD

procurer

BAY

the space between the main timbers of the roof

BEADSMAN

one who bids bedes, that is, prays prayers

for another

BEARING-CLOTH

a rich cloth in which children were wrapt at

their christening

BEAT

to flutter as a falcon, to meditate, consider

earnestly

BEAVER

the lower part of a helmet

BEETLE

a mallet

BEING

dwelling

BEING

since, inasmuch as

BE-METE

to measure

BE-MOILED

daubed with dirt

BENDING

stooping under a weight

BENVENUTO

(Italian), welcome

BERGOMASK

a rustic dance

BESHREW

evil befal

BESTRAUGHT

distraught, distracted

BETEEM

to pour out

BETID

happened

BEZONIAN

a beggarly fellow

BIDING

abiding-place

BIGGEN

a night-cap

BILBERRY

the whortleberry

BILBO

a sword, from Bilboa, a town in Spain where

they were made

BILBOES

fetters or stocks

BILL

a bill-hook, a weapon

BIN

been, are

BIRD-BOLT

a bolt to be shot from a crossbow at birds

BIRDING

part. hawking at partridges

BISSON

blind

BLANK

the white mark in the middle of a target;

hence, metaphorically, that which is aimed at

BLENCH

to start aside, flinch

BLENT

blended

BLOOD-BOLTERED

smeared with blood

BLOW

to inflate

BOARD

to make advances to; accost

BOB

a blow, metaph. a sarcasm

BOB

to strike, metaph. to ridicule, or to obtain

by raillery

BODGE

to botch, bungle

BODIKIN

a corrupt word used as an oath. ‘Od’s Bodikin,’

God’s little Body

BOITIER VERT

green box

BOLD

to embolden

BOLLEN

swollen

BOLTED

sifted, refined

BOLTER

a sieve

BOLTING-HUTCH

a hutch in which meal was sifted

BOMBARD

a barrel, a drunkard

BOMBAST

padding

BONA-ROBA

a harlot

BOND

that to which one is bound

BOOK

a paper of conditions

BOOT

help, use

BOOT

to help, to avail

BOOTLESS

without boot or advantage, useless

BOOTS

bots, a kind of worm

BORE

calibre of a gun; hence, metaph. size, weight,

importance

BOSKY

covered with underwood

BOSOM

wish, heart’s desire

BOTS

worms which infest horses

BOURN

a boundary

a brook

BRACE

armour for the arm, state of defence

BRACH

a hound bitch

BRAID

deceitful

BRAVE

handsome, well-dressed

BRAVE

boast

BRAVERY

finery

boastfulness

BRAWL

a kind of dance

BREAST

voice

BREATHE

to exercise

BREATHING

exercising

BREECHING

liable to be whipt

BREED-BATE

a breeder of debate, a fomenter of quarrels

BREESE

the gadfly

BRIBE-BUCK

a buck given away in presents

BRING

to attend one on a journey

BROCK

a badger, a term of contempt

BROKE

to act as a procurer

BROKEN

having lost some teeth by age

BROKEN MUSIC

the music of stringed instruments

BROKER

an agent

BROTHERHOOD

trading company

BROWNIST

a sectary, a follower of Brown, the founder

of the Independents

BRUIT

noise, report, rumour

BRUIT

to noise abroad

BRUSH

rude assault

BUCK

suds or lye for washing clothes in

BUCK-BASKET

the basket in which clothes are carried to the

wash

BUCKING

washing

BUCK-WASHING

washing in lye

BUG

a bugbear, a spectre

BULLY-ROOK

a bragging cheater

BURGONET

a kind of helmet

BURST

to break

BUSKY

bushy

BUTT-SHAFT

a light arrow for shooting at a target

BUXOM

obedient

BY’RLAKIN

by our little Lady: an oath

C

CADDIS

worsted galloon, so called because it resembles

the caddis-worm

CADE

a cask or barrel

CAGE

a prison

CAIN-COLOURED

red (applied to hair)

CAITIFF

a captive, a slave; hence, a witch

CALCULATE

prophesy

CALIVER

a hand-gun

CALLET

a trull

CALLING

appellation

CALM

qualm

CAN

to know, be skillful in

CANAKIN

a little can

CANARY

a wine brought from the Canary Islands

CANDLE-WASTERS

persons who sit up all night to drink

CANKER

a caterpillar

the dog-rose

CANSTICK

a candlestick

CANTLE

a slice, corner

CANTON

a canto

CANVAS

to sift: hence, metaphorically, to prove

CAPABLE

subject to

Intelligent

capable of inheriting

ample, capacious

CAPITULATE

make a combined force

CAPOCCHIA

a simpleton

CAPRICIO

caprice

CAPRICIOUS

lascivious

CAPTIOUS

capacious

CARACK

a large ship of burden

CARBONADO

meat scotched for broiling

CARBONADO

to scotch for broiling

CARD

the taper on which the points of the compass

are marked under the mariner’s needle

CAREIRE

the curvetting of a horse

CARKANET

a necklace

CARL

a churl

CARLOT

a churl

CASTILIAN

a native of Castile; used as a cant term

CASTILIANO VULGO

a cant term, meaning, apparently, to use discreet

language

CATAIAN

a native of Cathay, a cant word

CATLING

cat-gut

CAUTEL

deceit

CAUTELOUS

insidious

CAVALERO

a cavalier, gentleman

CAVIARE

the roe of sturgeon pickled; metaph. a delicacy

not appreciated by the vulgar

CEASE

decease

CEASE

put off, made to cease

CENSURE

judgment

CENSURE

to judge, criticise

CENTURY

a hundred of anything, whether men, prayers, or

anything else

CEREMONY

a ceremonial vestment, religious rite, or

anything ceremonial

CERTES

certainly

CESS

rate, reckoning

CHACE

a term at tennis

CHAMBER

a species of great gun

CHAMBERER

an effeminate man

CHANSON

a song

CHARACT

affected quality

CHARACTER

a letter, handwriting

CHARACTER

to carve or engrave

CHARACTERY

handwriting

That which is written

CHARE

a turn of work

CHARGE-HOUSE

a free-school

CHARLES’ WAIN

the constellation called also Ursa Major, or

the Great Bear

CHARNECO

a species of sweet wine

CHAUDRON

entrails

CHEATER

for escheator, an officer who collected the

fines to be paid into the Exchequer

A decoy

CHEQUE

a technical term in falconry; when a falcon

flies at a bird which is not her proper game she

is said to cheque at it

CHEQUES

perhaps intended for ethics

CHEER

fortune, countenance

CHERRY-PIT

a game played with cherrystones

CHEVERIL

kid leather

CHEWIT

cough

CHILDING

pregnant

CH’ILL

vulgar for ‘I will.’

CHIRURGEONLY

in a manner becoming a surgeon

CHOPIN

a high shoe or clog

CHRISTENDOM

the state of being a Christian

CHRISTOM

clothed with a chrisom, the white garment

which used to be put on newly-baptized children

CHUCK

chicken, a term of endearment

CHUFF

a coarse blunt clown

CINQUE PACE

a kind of dance

CIPHER

to decipher

CIRCUMSTANCE

an argument

CITAL

recital

CITE

to incite

CITTERN

a guitar

CLACK-DISH

a beggar’s dish

CLAP I’ THE CLOUT

to shoot an arrow into the bull’s eye of the target

CLAW

to flatter

CLEPE

to call

CLIFF

clef, the key in music

CLING

to starve

CLINQUANT

glittering

CLIP

to embrace, enclose

CLOUT

the mark in the middle of a target

COAST

to advance

COBLOAF

a big loaf

COCK

a cockboat

COCK

a euphemism for God

COCK-AND-PIE

an oath

COCKLE

tares or darnel

COCKNEY

a cook

COCK-SHUT-TIME

the twilight, when cocks and hens go to roost

COG

to cheat, dissemble

COGNIZANCE

badge, token

COIGN

projecting corner stone

COIL

tumult, turmoil

COLLECTION

drawing a conclusion

COLLIED

blackened. Othello;

COLOUR

pretence

COLOURABLE

specious

COLT

to defraud, befool

CO-MART

a joint bargain

COMBINATE

betrothed

COMBINE

to bind

COMMODITY

interest, profit

COMMONTY

used ludicrously for comedy

COMPACT

compacted, composed

COMPARATIVE

drawing comparisons

COMPARATIVE

rival

COMPARE

comparison

COMPASSIONATE

moving comparison

COMPETITOR

one who seeks the same thing, an associate in

any object

COMPLEMENT

accomplishment

COMPLEXION

passion

COMPOSE

to agree

COMPOSTION

composition

COMPTIBLE

tractable

CON

to learn by heart

to acknowledge

CONCEIT

conception, opinion, fancy

CONCUPY

concubine

CONDITION

temper, quality

CONDOLEMENT

grief

CONDUCT

escort

CONFECT

to make up into sweetmeats

CONFOUND

to consume, destroy

coriolanus;

CONJECT

conjecture

CONSIGN

to sign a common bond, to confederate

CONSORT

company

CONSORT

to accompany

CONSTANCY

consistency

CONSTANT

settled, determined

CONSTANTLY

firmly

CONSTER

to construe

CONTEMPTIBLE

contemptuous

CONTINENT

that which contains anything

that which is contained

CONTINUATE

uninterrupted

CONTRACTION

the marriage contract

CONTRARY

to oppose

CONTRIVE

to conspire

to wear away

CONTROL

to confute

CONVENT

to convene, summon

to be convenient

CONVERT

to change

CONVERTITE

a convert

CONVEY

to manage

to filch

CONVEYANCE

theft, fraud

CONVICT

convicted

CONVICTED

overpowered, vanquished

A doubtful word

CONVINCE

to conquer, subdue

CONVIVE

to feast together

CONVOY

escort

CONY-CATCH

to cheat

CONY-CATCHING

poaching, pilfering

COOLING CARD

used metaphorically for an insurmountable obstacle

COPATAIN HAT

a high-crowned hat

COPE

to reward, to give in return

COPY

theme

CORAGIO

courage!

CORAM

an ignorant mistake for Quorum

CORANTO

lively dance

CORINTH

a cant term for a brothel

CORINTHIAN

a wencher

CORKY

dry like cork

CORNUTO

a cuckold

COROLLARY

a surplus

CORPORAL

corporeal, bodily

CORPORAL

OF THE FIELD

an aide-de-camp

CORRIVAL

rival

COSTARD

the head

COSTER-MONGER

peddling, mercenary

COTE

a cottage

COTE

to quote, instance

COTE

to come alongside, overtake

COT-QUEAN

an effeminate man, molly-coddle

COUCHINGS

crouchings

COUNT CONFECT

a nobleman composed of affectation

COUNTENANCE

fair shew

COUNTERFEIT

portrait

a piece of base coin

COUNTERPOINT

a counterpane

COUNTERVAIL

to counterpoise, outweigh

COUNTRY

belonging to one’s country

COUNTY

count, earl

COUPLEMENT

union

COURT HOLY-WATER

flattery

COVENT

a convent

COVER

to lay the table for dinner

COWISH

cowardly

COWL-STAFF

the staff on which a vessel is supported

between two men

COX MY PASSION

an oath, a euphemism for ‘God’s Passion.’

COY

to stroke, fondle

to condescend with difficulty

COYSTRIL

a kestrel, a cowardly kind of hawk

COZEN

to cheat

COZENAGE

cheating

COZENER

a cheater

COZIER

a tailor

CRACK

to boast

CRACK

a loud noise, clap

a forward boy

CRACKER

boaster

CRACK-HEMP

a gallows-bird

CRANK

a winding passage

CRANKING

winding

CRANTS

garlands.  A doubtful word

CRARE

a ship of burden

CRAVEN

a dunghill cock

CREATE

formed, compounded

CREDENT

creditable

credible

credulous

CREDIT

report

CRESCIVE

increasing

CRESTLESS

not entitled to bear arms, lowborn

CRISP

curled, winding

CROSS

a piece of money, so called because the coin

was formerly stamped with a cross

CROW-KEEPER

one who scares crows

CROWNER

a coroner

CROWNET

a coronet

CRY

the yelping of hounds

A pack of hounds

a company, use contemptuously

CRY AIM

to encourage

CUE

the last words of an actor’s speech, which

is the signal for the next actor to begin

CUISSES

pieces of armour to cover the thighs

CULLION

a base fellow

CUNNING

skill

CUNNING

skilful

CURB

to bend, truckle

CURRENTS

occurrences

CURST

CURSTNESS

shrewishness

CURTAIL

a cur

CURTAL

a docked horse

CURTAL-AXE

a cutlass

CUSTALORUM

a ludicrous mistake for Custos Rotulorum

CUSTARD-COFFIN

the crust of a custard-pudding

CUSTOMER

a common woman

CUT

a cheat

‘To draw cuts’ is to draw lots

CYPRESS

a kind of crape

D

DAFF

to befool

To put off; this seems to be a corruption of ‘doff.’

DAMN

to condemn

DANGER

reach, control, power

DANSKER

a Dane

DARE

to challenge

DARKLING

in the dark

DARRAIGN

to set in array

DAUB

to disguise

DAUBERY

imposition

DAY-WOMAN

a dairy-maid

DEAR

dire

that which has to do with the affections

piteous

important

DEARN

lonely

DEBOSHED

debauched, drunken

DECK

to bedew. This is probably a form of the verb

‘to dag,’ now a provincial word

DECK

a pack of cards

DECLINE

to enumerate, as in going through the cases of

a noun

DECLINED

fallen

DEEM

doom, judgment

DEFEAT

to undo, destroy

DEFEAT

destruction

DEFEATURE

disfigurement

DEFENCE

art of fencing

DEFEND

to forbid

DEFENSIBLE

having the power to defend

DEFTLY

dexterously

DEFY

renounce

DEGREES

a step

DELAY

to let slip by delaying

DEMERIT

merit, desert

DEMURELY

solemnly

DENAY

denial

DENIER

the 12th part of a French sol coin

DENOTEMENT

marking

note or manifestation

DENY

to refuse

DEPART

departure

DEPART

to part

DEPARTING

parting, separation

DEPEND

to be in service

DERIVED

born, descended

DEROGATE

degraded

DESCANT

a variation upon a melody, hence,

metaphorically, a comment on a given theme

DESIGN

to draw up articles

DESPATCH

to deprive, bereave

DESPERATE

determined, bold

DETECT

to charge, blame

DETERMINE

to conclude

DICH

optative mood, perhaps contracted for ‘do it.’

DIET

food regulated by the rules of medicine

DIET

to have one’s food regulated by the rules of

medicine

DIFFUSED

confused

DIGRESSING

transgressing, going out of the right way

DIGRESSION

transgression

DIG-YOU-GOOD-DEN

give you good evening

DILDO

the chorus or burden of a song

DINT

stroke

DIRECTION

judgment, skill

DISABLE

to disparage

DISAPPOINTED

unprepared

DISCASE

to undress

DISCONTENT

a malcontent

DISCOURSE

power of reasoning

DISDAINED

disdainful

DISLIMN

to disfigure, transform

DISME

a tenth or tithe

DISPARK

to destroy a park

DISPONGE

to squeeze out as from a sponge

DISPOSE

disposal

DISPOSE

to conspire

DISPOSITION

maintenance

DISPUTABLE

disputatious

DISPUTE

to argue, examine

DISSEMBLY

used ridiculously for assembly

DISTASTE

to corrupt

DISTEMPERED

discontented

DISTRACTION

a detached troop or company of soldiers

DISTRAUGHT

distracted, mad

DIVERTED

turned from the natural course

DIVISION

a phrase or passage in a melody

DIVULGED

published, spoken of

DOFF

to do off, strip

To put off with an excuse

DOLT

a small Dutch coin

DOLE

portion dealt

grief, lamentation

DON

to do on, put on

DONE

‘done to death,’ put to death

DOTANT

one who dotes, a dotard

DOUT

to do out, quench

DOWLAS

a kind of coarse sacking

DOWLE

t