Shakesperian glossary

A

ABATE

to shorten

to cast down

to blunt

ABATEMENT

diminution

ABHOR

protest; disgust

ABIDE

to sojourn

to expiate

ABLE

to uphold

ABRIDGEMENT

a short play

ABROAD

away, apart

ABROOK

to brook, abide

ABSEY-BOOK

a primer

ABSOLUTE

positive, certain

complete

ABUSE

to deceive

ABUSE

deception

ABY

to expiate a fault

ABYSM

abyss

ACCITE

to cite, summon

ACCUSE

accusation

ACHIEVE

to obtain

ACKNOWN

‘to be acknown’ is to acknowledge

ACQUITTANCE

a receipt or discharge

ACTION-TAKING

litigious

ACTURE

action

ADDITION

title, attribute

ADDRESS

to prepare oneself

ADDRESSED

prepared

ADVANCE

to prefer, promote to honour

ADVERTISEMENT

admonition

ADVERTISING

attentive

ADVICE

consideration, discretion

ADVISE

sometimes neuter, sometimes reflective, to

consider, reflect

ADVISED

considerate

ADVOCATION

pleading, advocacy

AFEARED

afraid

AFFECT

to love

AFFY

to affiance

to trust

AFRONT

in front

AGAZED

looking in amazement

AGLET-BABY

the small figure engraved on a jewel

AGNISE

to acknowledge, confess

A-GOOD

a good deal, plenteously

A-HOLD

a sea-term

AIERIE

the nest of a bird of prey

AIM

a guess

ALDER-LIEFEST

most loved of all

ALE

alehouse

ALLOW

to approve

ALLOWANCE

approval

AMES-ACE

two aces, the lowest throw of the dice

AMORT

dead, dejected

AN

if

ANCHOR

an anchorite, hermit

ANCIENT

an ensign-bearer

ANGEL

a coin, so called because it bore the image of

an angel

ANIGHT

by night

ANSWER

retaliation

ANTHROPOPHAGINIAN

a cannibal

ANTICK

the fool in the old plays

ANTRE

a cave

APPARENT

heir-apparent

APPEAL

accusation

APPEAL

to accuse

APPEARED

made apparent

APPLE-JOHN

a kind of apple

APPOINTMENT

preparation

APPREHENSION

opinion

APPREHENSIVE

apt to apprehend or understand

APPROBATION

probation

APPROOF

approbation, proof

APPROVE

to prove

to justify, make good

APPROVER

one who proves or tries

ARCH

chief

ARGAL

a ridiculous word intended for the Latin ergo

ARGENTINE

silver

ARGIER

Algiers

ARGOSY

originally a vessel of Ragusa or Ragosa, a

ragosine; hence any ship of burden

ARGUMENT

subject

ARMIGERO

a mistake for Armiger, the Latin for Esquire

AROINT

found only in the imperative mood, get thee

gone

A-ROW

in a row

ARTICULATE

to enter into articles of agreement

to exhibit in articles

ASK

to require

ASPECT

regard, looks

ASPERSION

sprinkling; hence blessing, because before the

reformation benediction was generally accompanied

by the sprinkling of holy water

ASSAY

attempt

ASSAY

to attempt, test, make proof of

ASSINEGO

an ass

ASSUBJUGATE

to subjugate

ASSURANCE

deed of assurance

ASSURED

betrothed

ATOMY

an atom

used in contempt of a small person

ATONE

to put people at one, to reconcile

to agree

ATTACH

to seize, lay hold on

ATTASKED

taken to task, reprehended

ATTEND

to listen to

ATTENT

attentive

ATTORNEY

an agent

ATTORNEY

to employ as an agent

To perform by an agent

AUDACIOUS

spirited, daring, but without any note of blame

attached to it

AUGUR

augury

AUTHENTIC

clothed with authority

AVAUNT

int. be gone, a word of abhorrence

AVE

the Latin for hail; hence acclamation

AVE-MARY

the angelic salutation addressed to the Blessed

Virgin Mary

AVERRING

confirming

AVOID

get rid of

AWFUL

worshipful

AWKWARD

contrary

B

BACCARE

keep back

BACKWARD

the hinder part; hence, when applied to time,

the past

BAFFLE

embarrass

BALKED

heaped, as on a ridge

BALLOW

a cudgel

BALM

the oil of consecration

BAN

to curse

BANK

to sail by the banks

BARM

yeast

BARN

a child

BARNACLE

a shellfish, supposed to produce the sea-bird

of the same name

BASE

a game, sometimes called Prisoners’ base

BASES

an embroidered mantle worn by knights on

horseback, and reaching from the middle to

below the knees

BASILISK

a kind of ordnance

BASTA

enough

BASTARD

raisin wine

BATE

to flutter, as a hawk

BATE

to except

to abate

BAT-FOWLING

catching birds with a clap-net by night

BATLET

a small bat, used for beating clothes

BATTLE

army

BAVIN

used as an a piece of waste wood, applied

contemptuously to anything worthless

BAWCOCK

a fine fellow

BAWD

procurer

BAY

the space between the main timbers of the roof

BEADSMAN

one who bids bedes, that is, prays prayers

for another

BEARING-CLOTH

a rich cloth in which children were wrapt at

their christening

BEAT

to flutter as a falcon, to meditate, consider

earnestly

BEAVER

the lower part of a helmet

BEETLE

a mallet

BEING

dwelling

BEING

since, inasmuch as

BE-METE

to measure

BE-MOILED

daubed with dirt

BENDING

stooping under a weight

BENVENUTO

(Italian), welcome

BERGOMASK

a rustic dance

BESHREW

evil befal

BESTRAUGHT

distraught, distracted

BETEEM

to pour out

BETID

happened

BEZONIAN

a beggarly fellow

BIDING

abiding-place

BIGGEN

a night-cap

BILBERRY

the whortleberry

BILBO

a sword, from Bilboa, a town in Spain where

they were made

BILBOES

fetters or stocks

BILL

a bill-hook, a weapon

BIN

been, are

BIRD-BOLT

a bolt to be shot from a crossbow at birds

BIRDING

part. hawking at partridges

BISSON

blind

BLANK

the white mark in the middle of a target;

hence, metaphorically, that which is aimed at

BLENCH

to start aside, flinch

BLENT

blended

BLOOD-BOLTERED

smeared with blood

BLOW

to inflate

BOARD

to make advances to; accost

BOB

a blow, metaph. a sarcasm

BOB

to strike, metaph. to ridicule, or to obtain

by raillery

BODGE

to botch, bungle

BODIKIN

a corrupt word used as an oath. ‘Od’s Bodikin,’

God’s little Body

BOITIER VERT

green box

BOLD

to embolden

BOLLEN

swollen

BOLTED

sifted, refined

BOLTER

a sieve

BOLTING-HUTCH

a hutch in which meal was sifted

BOMBARD

a barrel, a drunkard

BOMBAST

padding

BONA-ROBA

a harlot

BOND

that to which one is bound

BOOK

a paper of conditions

BOOT

help, use

BOOT

to help, to avail

BOOTLESS

without boot or advantage, useless

BOOTS

bots, a kind of worm

BORE

calibre of a gun; hence, metaph. size, weight,

importance

BOSKY

covered with underwood

BOSOM

wish, heart’s desire

BOTS

worms which infest horses

BOURN

a boundary

a brook

BRACE

armour for the arm, state of defence

BRACH

a hound bitch

BRAID

deceitful

BRAVE

handsome, well-dressed

BRAVE

boast

BRAVERY

finery

boastfulness

BRAWL

a kind of dance

BREAST

voice

BREATHE

to exercise

BREATHING

exercising

BREECHING

liable to be whipt

BREED-BATE

a breeder of debate, a fomenter of quarrels

BREESE

the gadfly

BRIBE-BUCK

a buck given away in presents

BRING

to attend one on a journey

BROCK

a badger, a term of contempt

BROKE

to act as a procurer

BROKEN

having lost some teeth by age

BROKEN MUSIC

the music of stringed instruments

BROKER

an agent

BROTHERHOOD

trading company

BROWNIST

a sectary, a follower of Brown, the founder

of the Independents

BRUIT

noise, report, rumour

BRUIT

to noise abroad

BRUSH

rude assault

BUCK

suds or lye for washing clothes in

BUCK-BASKET

the basket in which clothes are carried to the

wash

BUCKING

washing

BUCK-WASHING

washing in lye

BUG

a bugbear, a spectre

BULLY-ROOK

a bragging cheater

BURGONET

a kind of helmet

BURST

to break

BUSKY

bushy

BUTT-SHAFT

a light arrow for shooting at a target

BUXOM

obedient

BY’RLAKIN

by our little Lady: an oath

C

CADDIS

worsted galloon, so called because it resembles

the caddis-worm

CADE

a cask or barrel

CAGE

a prison

CAIN-COLOURED

red (applied to hair)

CAITIFF

a captive, a slave; hence, a witch

CALCULATE

prophesy

CALIVER

a hand-gun

CALLET

a trull

CALLING

appellation

CALM

qualm

CAN

to know, be skillful in

CANAKIN

a little can

CANARY

a wine brought from the Canary Islands

CANDLE-WASTERS

persons who sit up all night to drink

CANKER

a caterpillar

the dog-rose

CANSTICK

a candlestick

CANTLE

a slice, corner

CANTON

a canto

CANVAS

to sift: hence, metaphorically, to prove

CAPABLE

subject to

Intelligent

capable of inheriting

ample, capacious

CAPITULATE

make a combined force

CAPOCCHIA

a simpleton

CAPRICIO

caprice

CAPRICIOUS

lascivious

CAPTIOUS

capacious

CARACK

a large ship of burden

CARBONADO

meat scotched for broiling

CARBONADO

to scotch for broiling

CARD

the taper on which the points of the compass

are marked under the mariner’s needle

CAREIRE

the curvetting of a horse

CARKANET

a necklace

CARL

a churl

CARLOT

a churl

CASTILIAN

a native of Castile; used as a cant term

CASTILIANO VULGO

a cant term, meaning, apparently, to use discreet

language

CATAIAN

a native of Cathay, a cant word

CATLING

cat-gut

CAUTEL

deceit

CAUTELOUS

insidious

CAVALERO

a cavalier, gentleman

CAVIARE

the roe of sturgeon pickled; metaph. a delicacy

not appreciated by the vulgar

CEASE

decease

CEASE

put off, made to cease

CENSURE

judgment

CENSURE

to judge, criticise

CENTURY

a hundred of anything, whether men, prayers, or

anything else

CEREMONY

a ceremonial vestment, religious rite, or

anything ceremonial

CERTES

certainly

CESS

rate, reckoning

CHACE

a term at tennis

CHAMBER

a species of great gun

CHAMBERER

an effeminate man

CHANSON

a song

CHARACT

affected quality

CHARACTER

a letter, handwriting

CHARACTER

to carve or engrave

CHARACTERY

handwriting

That which is written

CHARE

a turn of work

CHARGE-HOUSE

a free-school

CHARLES’ WAIN

the constellation called also Ursa Major, or

the Great Bear

CHARNECO

a species of sweet wine

CHAUDRON

entrails

CHEATER

for escheator, an officer who collected the

fines to be paid into the Exchequer

A decoy

CHEQUE

a technical term in falconry; when a falcon

flies at a bird which is not her proper game she

is said to cheque at it

CHEQUES

perhaps intended for ethics

CHEER

fortune, countenance

CHERRY-PIT

a game played with cherrystones

CHEVERIL

kid leather

CHEWIT

cough

CHILDING

pregnant

CH’ILL

vulgar for ‘I will.’

CHIRURGEONLY

in a manner becoming a surgeon

CHOPIN

a high shoe or clog

CHRISTENDOM

the state of being a Christian

CHRISTOM

clothed with a chrisom, the white garment

which used to be put on newly-baptized children

CHUCK

chicken, a term of endearment

CHUFF

a coarse blunt clown

CINQUE PACE

a kind of dance

CIPHER

to decipher

CIRCUMSTANCE

an argument

CITAL

recital

CITE

to incite

CITTERN

a guitar

CLACK-DISH

a beggar’s dish

CLAP I’ THE CLOUT

to shoot an arrow into the bull’s eye of the target

CLAW

to flatter

CLEPE

to call

CLIFF

clef, the key in music

CLING

to starve

CLINQUANT

glittering

CLIP

to embrace, enclose

CLOUT

the mark in the middle of a target

COAST

to advance

COBLOAF

a big loaf

COCK

a cockboat

COCK

a euphemism for God

COCK-AND-PIE

an oath

COCKLE

tares or darnel

COCKNEY

a cook

COCK-SHUT-TIME

the twilight, when cocks and hens go to roost

COG

to cheat, dissemble

COGNIZANCE

badge, token

COIGN

projecting corner stone

COIL

tumult, turmoil

COLLECTION

drawing a conclusion

COLLIED

blackened. Othello;

COLOUR

pretence

COLOURABLE

specious

COLT

to defraud, befool

CO-MART

a joint bargain

COMBINATE

betrothed

COMBINE

to bind

COMMODITY

interest, profit

COMMONTY

used ludicrously for comedy

COMPACT

compacted, composed

COMPARATIVE

drawing comparisons

COMPARATIVE

rival

COMPARE

comparison

COMPASSIONATE

moving comparison

COMPETITOR

one who seeks the same thing, an associate in

any object

COMPLEMENT

accomplishment