Shakesperian glossary

A

 

ABATE

to shorten

 

to cast down

 

to blunt

ABATEMENT

diminution

ABHOR

protest; disgust

ABIDE

to sojourn

 

to expiate

ABLE

to uphold

ABRIDGEMENT

a short play

ABROAD

away, apart

ABROOK

to brook, abide

ABSEY-BOOK

a primer

ABSOLUTE

positive, certain

 

complete

ABUSE

to deceive

ABUSE

deception

ABY

to expiate a fault

ABYSM

abyss

ACCITE

to cite, summon

ACCUSE

accusation

ACHIEVE

to obtain

ACKNOWN

‘to be acknown’ is to acknowledge

ACQUITTANCE

a receipt or discharge

ACTION-TAKING

litigious

ACTURE

action

ADDITION

title, attribute

ADDRESS

to prepare oneself

ADDRESSED

prepared

ADVANCE

to prefer, promote to honour

ADVERTISEMENT

admonition

ADVERTISING

attentive

ADVICE

consideration, discretion

ADVISE

sometimes neuter, sometimes reflective, to

 

consider, reflect

ADVISED

considerate

ADVOCATION

pleading, advocacy

AFEARED

afraid

AFFECT

to love

AFFY

to affiance

 

to trust

AFRONT

in front

AGAZED

looking in amazement

AGLET-BABY

the small figure engraved on a jewel

AGNISE

to acknowledge, confess

A-GOOD

a good deal, plenteously

A-HOLD

a sea-term

AIERIE

the nest of a bird of prey

AIM

a guess

ALDER-LIEFEST

most loved of all

ALE

alehouse

ALLOW

to approve

ALLOWANCE

approval

AMES-ACE

two aces, the lowest throw of the dice

AMORT

dead, dejected

AN

if

ANCHOR

an anchorite, hermit

ANCIENT

an ensign-bearer

ANGEL

a coin, so called because it bore the image of

 

an angel

ANIGHT

by night

ANSWER

retaliation

ANTHROPOPHAGINIAN

a cannibal

ANTICK

the fool in the old plays

ANTRE

a cave

APPARENT

heir-apparent

APPEAL

accusation

APPEAL

to accuse

APPEARED

made apparent

APPLE-JOHN

a kind of apple

APPOINTMENT

preparation

APPREHENSION

opinion

APPREHENSIVE

apt to apprehend or understand

APPROBATION

probation

APPROOF

approbation, proof

APPROVE

to prove

 

to justify, make good

APPROVER

one who proves or tries

ARCH

chief

ARGAL

a ridiculous word intended for the Latin ergo

ARGENTINE

silver

ARGIER

Algiers

ARGOSY

originally a vessel of Ragusa or Ragosa, a

 

ragosine; hence any ship of burden

ARGUMENT

subject

ARMIGERO

a mistake for Armiger, the Latin for Esquire

AROINT

found only in the imperative mood, get thee

 

gone

A-ROW

in a row

ARTICULATE

to enter into articles of agreement

 

to exhibit in articles

ASK

to require

ASPECT

regard, looks

ASPERSION

sprinkling; hence blessing, because before the

 

reformation benediction was generally accompanied

 

by the sprinkling of holy water

ASSAY

attempt

ASSAY

to attempt, test, make proof of

ASSINEGO

an ass

ASSUBJUGATE

to subjugate

ASSURANCE

deed of assurance

ASSURED

betrothed

ATOMY

an atom

 

used in contempt of a small person

ATONE

to put people at one, to reconcile

 

to agree

ATTACH

to seize, lay hold on

ATTASKED

taken to task, reprehended

ATTEND

to listen to

ATTENT

attentive

ATTORNEY

an agent

ATTORNEY

to employ as an agent

 

To perform by an agent

AUDACIOUS

spirited, daring, but without any note of blame

 

attached to it

AUGUR

augury

AUTHENTIC

clothed with authority

AVAUNT

int. be gone, a word of abhorrence

AVE

the Latin for hail; hence acclamation

AVE-MARY

the angelic salutation addressed to the Blessed

 

Virgin Mary

AVERRING

confirming

AVOID

get rid of

AWFUL

worshipful

AWKWARD

contrary

 

 

B

 

BACCARE

keep back

BACKWARD

the hinder part; hence, when applied to time,

 

the past

BAFFLE

embarrass

BALKED

heaped, as on a ridge

BALLOW

a cudgel

BALM

the oil of consecration

BAN

to curse

BANK

to sail by the banks

BARM

yeast

BARN

a child

BARNACLE

a shellfish, supposed to produce the sea-bird

 

of the same name

BASE

a game, sometimes called Prisoners’ base

BASES

an embroidered mantle worn by knights on

 

horseback, and reaching from the middle to

 

below the knees

BASILISK

a kind of ordnance

BASTA

enough

BASTARD

raisin wine

BATE

to flutter, as a hawk

BATE

to except

 

to abate

BAT-FOWLING

catching birds with a clap-net by night

BATLET

a small bat, used for beating clothes

BATTLE

army

BAVIN

used as an a piece of waste wood, applied

 

contemptuously to anything worthless

BAWCOCK

a fine fellow

BAWD

procurer

BAY

the space between the main timbers of the roof

BEADSMAN

one who bids bedes, that is, prays prayers

 

for another

BEARING-CLOTH

a rich cloth in which children were wrapt at

 

their christening

BEAT

to flutter as a falcon, to meditate, consider

 

earnestly

BEAVER

the lower part of a helmet

BEETLE

a mallet

BEING

dwelling

BEING

since, inasmuch as

BE-METE

to measure

BE-MOILED

daubed with dirt

BENDING

stooping under a weight

BENVENUTO

(Italian), welcome

BERGOMASK

a rustic dance

BESHREW

evil befal

BESTRAUGHT

distraught, distracted

BETEEM

to pour out

BETID

happened

BEZONIAN

a beggarly fellow

BIDING

abiding-place

BIGGEN

a night-cap

BILBERRY

the whortleberry

BILBO

a sword, from Bilboa, a town in Spain where

 

they were made

BILBOES

fetters or stocks

BILL

a bill-hook, a weapon

BIN

been, are

BIRD-BOLT

a bolt to be shot from a crossbow at birds

BIRDING

part. hawking at partridges

BISSON

blind

BLANK

the white mark in the middle of a target;

 

hence, metaphorically, that which is aimed at

BLENCH

to start aside, flinch

BLENT

blended

BLOOD-BOLTERED

smeared with blood

BLOW

to inflate

BOARD

to make advances to; accost

BOB

a blow, metaph. a sarcasm

BOB

to strike, metaph. to ridicule, or to obtain

 

by raillery

BODGE

to botch, bungle

BODIKIN

a corrupt word used as an oath. ‘Od’s Bodikin,’

 

God’s little Body

BOITIER VERT

green box

BOLD

to embolden

BOLLEN

swollen

BOLTED

sifted, refined

BOLTER

a sieve

BOLTING-HUTCH

a hutch in which meal was sifted

BOMBARD

a barrel, a drunkard

BOMBAST

padding

BONA-ROBA

a harlot

BOND

that to which one is bound

BOOK

a paper of conditions

BOOT

help, use

BOOT

to help, to avail

BOOTLESS

without boot or advantage, useless

BOOTS

bots, a kind of worm

BORE

calibre of a gun; hence, metaph. size, weight,

 

importance

BOSKY

covered with underwood

BOSOM

wish, heart’s desire

BOTS

worms which infest horses

BOURN

a boundary

 

a brook

BRACE

armour for the arm, state of defence

BRACH

a hound bitch

BRAID

deceitful

BRAVE

handsome, well-dressed

BRAVE

boast

BRAVERY

finery

 

boastfulness

BRAWL

a kind of dance

BREAST

voice

BREATHE

to exercise

BREATHING

exercising

BREECHING

liable to be whipt

BREED-BATE

a breeder of debate, a fomenter of quarrels

BREESE

the gadfly

BRIBE-BUCK

a buck given away in presents

BRING

to attend one on a journey

BROCK

a badger, a term of contempt

BROKE

to act as a procurer

BROKEN

having lost some teeth by age

BROKEN MUSIC

the music of stringed instruments

BROKER

an agent

BROTHERHOOD

trading company

BROWNIST

a sectary, a follower of Brown, the founder

 

of the Independents

BRUIT

noise, report, rumour

BRUIT

to noise abroad

BRUSH

rude assault

BUCK

suds or lye for washing clothes in

BUCK-BASKET

the basket in which clothes are carried to the

 

wash

BUCKING

washing

BUCK-WASHING

washing in lye

BUG

a bugbear, a spectre

BULLY-ROOK

a bragging cheater

BURGONET

a kind of helmet

BURST

to break

BUSKY

bushy

BUTT-SHAFT

a light arrow for shooting at a target

BUXOM

obedient

BY’RLAKIN

by our little Lady: an oath

 

 

C

 

CADDIS

worsted galloon, so called because it resembles

 

the caddis-worm

CADE

a cask or barrel

CAGE

a prison

CAIN-COLOURED

red (applied to hair)

CAITIFF

a captive, a slave; hence, a witch

CALCULATE

prophesy

CALIVER

a hand-gun

CALLET

a trull

CALLING

appellation

CALM

qualm

CAN

to know, be skillful in

CANAKIN

a little can

CANARY

a wine brought from the Canary Islands

CANDLE-WASTERS

persons who sit up all night to drink

CANKER

a caterpillar

 

the dog-rose

CANSTICK

a candlestick

CANTLE

a slice, corner

CANTON

a canto

CANVAS

to sift: hence, metaphorically, to prove

CAPABLE

subject to

 

Intelligent

 

capable of inheriting

 

ample, capacious

CAPITULATE

make a combined force

CAPOCCHIA

a simpleton

CAPRICIO

caprice

CAPRICIOUS

lascivious

CAPTIOUS

capacious

CARACK

a large ship of burden

CARBONADO

meat scotched for broiling

CARBONADO

to scotch for broiling

CARD

the taper on which the points of the compass

 

are marked under the mariner’s needle

CAREIRE

the curvetting of a horse

CARKANET

a necklace

CARL

a churl

CARLOT

a churl

CASTILIAN

a native of Castile; used as a cant term

CASTILIANO VULGO

a cant term, meaning, apparently, to use discreet

 

language

CATAIAN

a native of Cathay, a cant word

CATLING

cat-gut

CAUTEL

deceit

CAUTELOUS

insidious

CAVALERO

a cavalier, gentleman

CAVIARE

the roe of sturgeon pickled; metaph. a delicacy

 

not appreciated by the vulgar

CEASE

decease

CEASE

put off, made to cease

CENSURE

judgment

CENSURE

to judge, criticise

CENTURY

a hundred of anything, whether men, prayers, or

 

anything else

CEREMONY

a ceremonial vestment, religious rite, or

 

anything ceremonial

CERTES

certainly

CESS

rate, reckoning

CHACE

a term at tennis

CHAMBER

a species of great gun

CHAMBERER

an effeminate man

CHANSON

a song

CHARACT

affected quality

CHARACTER

a letter, handwriting

CHARACTER

to carve or engrave

CHARACTERY

handwriting

 

That which is written

CHARE

a turn of work

CHARGE-HOUSE

a free-school

CHARLES’ WAIN

the constellation called also Ursa Major, or

 

the Great Bear

CHARNECO

a species of sweet wine

CHAUDRON

entrails

CHEATER

for escheator, an officer who collected the

 

fines to be paid into the Exchequer

 

A decoy

CHEQUE

a technical term in falconry; when a falcon

 

flies at a bird which is not her proper game she

 

is said to cheque at it

CHEQUES

perhaps intended for ethics

CHEER

fortune, countenance

CHERRY-PIT

a game played with cherrystones

CHEVERIL

kid leather

CHEWIT

cough

CHILDING

pregnant

CH’ILL

vulgar for ‘I will.’

CHIRURGEONLY

in a manner becoming a surgeon

CHOPIN

a high shoe or clog

CHRISTENDOM

the state of being a Christian

CHRISTOM

clothed with a chrisom, the white garment

 

which used to be put on newly-baptized children

CHUCK

chicken, a term of endearment

CHUFF

a coarse blunt clown

CINQUE PACE

a kind of dance

CIPHER

to decipher

CIRCUMSTANCE

an argument

CITAL

recital

CITE

to incite

CITTERN

a guitar

CLACK-DISH

a beggar’s dish

CLAP I’ THE CLOUT

to shoot an arrow into the bull’s eye of the target

CLAW

to flatter

CLEPE

to call

CLIFF

clef, the key in music

CLING

to starve

CLINQUANT

glittering

CLIP

to embrace, enclose

CLOUT

the mark in the middle of a target

COAST

to advance

COBLOAF

a big loaf

COCK

a cockboat

COCK

a euphemism for God

COCK-AND-PIE

an oath

COCKLE

tares or darnel

COCKNEY

a cook

COCK-SHUT-TIME

the twilight, when cocks and hens go to roost

COG

to cheat, dissemble

COGNIZANCE

badge, token

COIGN

projecting corner stone

COIL

tumult, turmoil

COLLECTION

drawing a conclusion

COLLIED

blackened. Othello;

COLOUR

pretence

COLOURABLE

specious

COLT

to defraud, befool

CO-MART

a joint bargain

COMBINATE

betrothed

COMBINE

to bind

COMMODITY

interest, profit

COMMONTY

used ludicrously for comedy

COMPACT

compacted, composed

COMPARATIVE

drawing comparisons

COMPARATIVE

rival

COMPARE

comparison

COMPASSIONATE

moving comparison

COMPETITOR

one who seeks the same thing, an associate in

 

any object

COMPLEMENT

accomplishment

COMPLEXION

passion

COMPOSE

to agree

COMPOSTION

composition

COMPTIBLE

tractable

CON

to learn by heart

 

to acknowledge

CONCEIT

conception, opinion, fancy

CONCUPY

concubine

CONDITION

temper, quality

CONDOLEMENT

grief

CONDUCT

escort

CONFECT

to make up into sweetmeats

CONFOUND

to consume, destroy

 

coriolanus;

CONJECT

conjecture

CONSIGN

to sign a common bond, to confederate

CONSORT

company

CONSORT

to accompany

CONSTANCY

consistency

CONSTANT

settled, determined

CONSTANTLY

firmly

CONSTER

to construe

CONTEMPTIBLE

contemptuous

CONTINENT

that which contains anything

 

that which is contained

CONTINUATE

uninterrupted

CONTRACTION

the marriage contract

CONTRARY

to oppose

CONTRIVE

to conspire

 

to wear away

CONTROL

to confute

CONVENT

to convene, summon

 

to be convenient

CONVERT

to change

CONVERTITE

a convert

CONVEY

to manage

 

to filch

CONVEYANCE

theft, fraud

CONVICT

convicted

CONVICTED

overpowered, vanquished

 

A doubtful word

CONVINCE

to conquer, subdue

CONVIVE

to feast together

CONVOY

escort

CONY-CATCH

to cheat

CONY-CATCHING

poaching, pilfering

COOLING CARD

used metaphorically for an insurmountable obstacle

COPATAIN HAT

a high-crowned hat

COPE

to reward, to give in return

COPY

theme

CORAGIO

courage!

CORAM

an ignorant mistake for Quorum

CORANTO

lively dance

CORINTH

a cant term for a brothel

CORINTHIAN

a wencher

CORKY

dry like cork

CORNUTO

a cuckold

COROLLARY

a surplus

CORPORAL

corporeal, bodily

CORPORAL

 

OF THE FIELD

an aide-de-camp

CORRIVAL

rival

COSTARD

the head

COSTER-MONGER

peddling, mercenary

COTE

a cottage

COTE

to quote, instance

COTE

to come alongside, overtake

COT-QUEAN

an effeminate man, molly-coddle

COUCHINGS

crouchings

COUNT CONFECT

a nobleman composed of affectation

COUNTENANCE

fair shew

COUNTERFEIT

portrait

 

a piece of base coin

COUNTERPOINT

a counterpane

COUNTERVAIL

to counterpoise, outweigh

COUNTRY

belonging to one’s country

COUNTY

count, earl

COUPLEMENT

union

COURT HOLY-WATER

flattery

COVENT

a convent

COVER

to lay the table for dinner

COWISH

cowardly

COWL-STAFF

the staff on which a vessel is supported

 

between two men

COX MY PASSION

an oath, a euphemism for ‘God’s Passion.’

COY

to stroke, fondle

 

to condescend with difficulty

COYSTRIL

a kestrel, a cowardly kind of hawk

COZEN

to cheat

COZENAGE

cheating

COZENER

a cheater

COZIER

a tailor

CRACK

to boast

CRACK

a loud noise, clap

 

a forward boy

CRACKER

boaster

CRACK-HEMP

a gallows-bird

CRANK

a winding passage

CRANKING

winding

CRANTS

garlands.  A doubtful word

CRARE

a ship of burden

CRAVEN

a dunghill cock

CREATE

formed, compounded

CREDENT

creditable

 

credible

 

credulous

CREDIT

report

CRESCIVE

increasing

CRESTLESS

not entitled to bear arms, lowborn

CRISP

curled, winding

CROSS

a piece of money, so called because the coin

 

was formerly stamped with a cross

CROW-KEEPER

one who scares crows

CROWNER

a coroner

CROWNET

a coronet

CRY

the yelping of hounds

 

A pack of hounds

 

a company, use contemptuously

CRY AIM

to encourage

CUE

the last words of an actor’s speech, which

 

is the signal for the next actor to begin

CUISSES

pieces of armour to cover the thighs

CULLION

a base fellow

CUNNING

skill

CUNNING

skilful

CURB

to bend, truckle

CURRENTS

occurrences

CURST

 

CURSTNESS

shrewishness

CURTAIL

a cur

CURTAL

a docked horse

CURTAL-AXE

a cutlass

CUSTALORUM

a ludicrous mistake for Custos Rotulorum

CUSTARD-COFFIN

the crust of a custard-pudding

CUSTOMER

a common woman

CUT

a cheat

 

‘To draw cuts’ is to draw lots

CYPRESS

a kind of crape

 

 

D

 

DAFF

to befool

 

To put off; this seems to be a corruption of ‘doff.’

DAMN

to condemn

DANGER

reach, control, power

DANSKER

a Dane

DARE

to challenge

DARKLING

in the dark

DARRAIGN

to set in array

DAUB

to disguise

DAUBERY

imposition

DAY-WOMAN

a dairy-maid

DEAR

dire

 

that which has to do with the affections

 

piteous

 

important

DEARN

lonely

DEBOSHED

debauched, drunken

DECK

to bedew. This is probably a form of the verb

 

‘to dag,’ now a provincial word

DECK

a pack of cards

DECLINE

to enumerate, as in going through the cases of

 

a noun

DECLINED

fallen

DEEM

doom, judgment

DEFEAT

to undo, destroy

DEFEAT

destruction

DEFEATURE

disfigurement

DEFENCE

art of fencing

DEFEND

to forbid

DEFENSIBLE

having the power to defend

DEFTLY

dexterously

DEFY

renounce

DEGREES

a step

DELAY

to let slip by delaying

DEMERIT

merit, desert

DEMURELY

solemnly

DENAY

denial

DENIER

the 12th part of a French sol coin

DENOTEMENT

marking

 

note or manifestation

DENY

to refuse

DEPART

departure

DEPART

to part

DEPARTING

parting, separation

DEPEND

to be in service

DERIVED

born, descended

DEROGATE

degraded

DESCANT

a variation upon a melody, hence,

 

metaphorically, a comment on a given theme

DESIGN

to draw up articles

DESPATCH

to deprive, bereave

DESPERATE

determined, bold

DETECT

to charge, blame

DETERMINE

to conclude

DICH

optative mood, perhaps contracted for ‘do it.’

DIET

food regulated by the rules of medicine

DIET

to have one’s food regulated by the rules of

 

medicine

DIFFUSED

confused

DIGRESSING

transgressing, going out of the right way

DIGRESSION

transgression

DIG-YOU-GOOD-DEN

give you good evening

DILDO

the chorus or burden of a song

DINT

stroke

DIRECTION

judgment, skill

DISABLE

to disparage

DISAPPOINTED

unprepared

DISCASE

to undress

DISCONTENT

a malcontent

DISCOURSE

power of reasoning

DISDAINED

disdainful

DISLIMN

to disfigure, transform

DISME

a tenth or tithe

DISPARK

to destroy a park

DISPONGE

to squeeze out as from a sponge

DISPOSE

disposal

DISPOSE

to conspire

DISPOSITION

maintenance

DISPUTABLE

disputatious

DISPUTE

to argue, examine

DISSEMBLY

used ridiculously for assembly

DISTASTE

to corrupt

DISTEMPERED

discontented

DISTRACTION

a detached troop or company of soldiers

DISTRAUGHT

distracted, mad

DIVERTED

turned from the natural course

DIVISION

a phrase or passage in a melody

DIVULGED

published, spoken of

DOFF

to do off, strip

 

To put off with an excuse

DOLT

a small Dutch coin

DOLE

portion dealt

 

grief, lamentation

DON

to do on, put on

DONE

‘done to death,’ put to death

DOTANT

one who dotes, a dotard

DOUT

to do out, quench

DOWLAS

a kind of coarse sacking

DOWLE

the swirl of a feather

DOWN-GYVED

hanging down like gyves or fetters

DRAB

a harlot

DRABBING

whoring

DRAUGHT

a privy

DRAWN

having his sword drawn

DRAWN

drunk, having taken a good draught

DRIBBLING

weak

DRIVE

to rush impetuously

DROLLERY

a puppet-show

DRUMBLE

to dawdle

DRY

thirsty

DUC-DAME

perhaps the Latin duc-ad-me, bring him to me

DUDGEON

a dagger

DULL

soothing

DULLARD

a dull person

DUMP

complaint

DUP

to do up, Lift up

 

 

E

 

EAGER

sour

 

harsh

 

biting

EANLING

a yeanling, a lamb

EAR

to plough

ECHE

to eke out

EFT

ready, convenient

EISEL

vinegar

ELD

old age

EMBOSSED

swollen into protuberances

 

covered with foam

EMBOWELLED

disembowelled, emptied

EMBRASURE

embrace

EMINENCE

exalted station

EMPERY

empire

EMULATION

jealousy, mutiny

EMULOUS

jealous

ENCAVE

to place oneself in a cave

END

‘Still an end,’ continually for ever

ENFEOFF

to place in possession in fee simple

ENGINE

a machine of war

ENGLUT

to swallow speedily

ENGROSS

to make gross or fat

ENGROSSMENT

immoderate acquisition

ENKINDLE

to make keen

ENMEW

to shut up, as a hawk is shut up in a mew

ENSCONCE

to cover as with a fort

ENSEAMED

fat, rank

ENSHIELD

hidden

ENTERTAIN

encounter

 

experience

ENTERTAINMENT

treatment

 

A disposition to entertain a proposal

 

service

ENTREATMENTS

interviews

EPHESIAN

a toper, a cant term

EQUIPAGE

attendance

EREWHILE

a short time since

ESCOT

to pay a man’s reckoning, to maintain

ESPERANCE

hope, used as a war-cry

ESPIAL

a scout or spy

ESTIMATION

conjecture

ESTRIDGE

ostridge

ETERNE

eternal

EVEN

coequal

EVEN

to equal

EXAMINE

to question

EXCREMENT

that which grows outwardly from the body

 

and has no sensation like the hair or nails

 

any outward show

EXECUTOR

an executioner

EXEMPT

excluded

EXERCISE

a religious service

EXHALE

to hale or draw out

 

to draw the sword

EXHIBITION

allowance, pension

EXIGENT

death, ending

EXION

ridiculously used for ‘action.’

EXPECT

expectation

EXPEDIENCE

expedition, undertaking

 

Haste

EXPEDIENT

expeditious, swift

EXPIATE

completed

EXPOSTULATE

to expound, discuss

EXPOSTURE

exposure

EXPRESS

to reveal

EXPULSE

to expel

EXSUFFICATE

that which has been hissed off, contemptible

EXTEND

to seize

EXTENT

a seizure

EXTERN

outward

EXTIRP

to extirpate

EXTRACTING

distracting

EXTRAUGHT

part. extracted, descended

EXTRAVAGANT

foreign, wandering

EXTREMES

extravagance of conduct

 

extremities

EYAS

a nestling hawk

EYAS-MUSKET

a nestling of the musket or merlin, the smallest

 

species of British hawk

EYE

a glance, oeillad

EYE

a shade of colour, as in shot silk

EYNE

eyes

 

 

F

 

FACINOROUS

wicked

FACT

guilt

FACTIOUS

instant, importunate

FACULTY

essential virtue or power

FADGE

to suit

FADING

a kind of ending to a song

FAIN

glad

FAIN

gladly

FAIR

beauty

FAITOR

a traitor

FAll

to let fall

FALLOW

fawn-coloured

FALSE

falsehood

FALSING

deceptive

FAMILIAR

a familiar spirit

FANCY

 

FANCY-FREE

untouched by love

FANG

to seize in the teeth

FANTASTIC

a fantastical person

FAP

drunk

FAR

farther

FARCED

stuffed

FARDEL

a burden

FARTUOUS

used ridiculously for ‘ virtuous.’

FAST

assuredly, unalterably

FAT

dull

FAVOUR

countenance

 

complexion

 

quality

FEAR

the object of fear

FEAR

to affright

FEARFUL

subject to fear, timorous

FEAT

dexterous

FEAT

to make fine

FEATER

comp. degree. more neatly

FEATLY

nimbly, daintily

FEATURE

beauty

FEDERARY

confederate

FEEDER

agent, servant

FEE-GRIEF

a grief held, as it were, in fee-simple, or the

 

peculiar property of him who possesses it

FEERE

a companion, husband

FEHEMENTLY

used ridiculously for ‘vehemently.’

FELL

the hide

FENCE

art or skill in defence

FEODARY

one who holds an estate by suit or service to

 

a superior lord; hence one who acts under the

 

direction of another

FESTER

to rankle, grow virulent

FESTINATELY

quickly

FET

fetched

FICO

a fig

FIELDED

in the field of battle

FIG

to insult

FIGHTS

clothes hung round a ship to conceal the men

 

from the enemy

FILE

a list or catalogue

FILE

to defile

 

to smooth or polish

 

to make even

FILL-HORSE

shaft-horse

FILLS

the shafts

FILTH

a whore

FINE

end

FINE

to make fine or specious

FINELESS

endless

FIRAGO

ridiculously used for ‘Virago.’

FIRE-DRAKE

Will o’ the Wisp

FIRE-NEW

with the glitter of novelty on, like newly-

 

forged metal

FIRK

to chastise

FIT

a canto or division of a song

 

a trick or habit

FITCHEW

a polecat

FIVES

a disease incident to horses

FLAP-DRAGON

raisins in burning brandy

FLAP-JACK

a pan-cake

FLAT

certain

FLATNESS

lowness, depth

FLAW

a gust of wind

 

sudden emotion, or the cause of it

FLAW

to make a flaw in, to break

FLECKED

spotted, streaked

FLEET

to float

 

to pass away

 

to pass the time

FLEETING

inconstant

FLESHMENT

the act of fleshing the sword, hence the

 

first feat of arms

FLEWED

furnished with hanging lips, as hounds are

FLIGHT

a particular mode of practising archery

FLIRT-GILL

a light woman

FLOTE

wave, sea

FLOURISH

an ornament

FLOURISH

to ornament, disguise with ornament

FLUSH

fresh, full of vigour

FOIL

defeat, disadvantage

FOIN

to fence, fight

FOISON

plenty

FOND

foolish, foolishly affectionate

FOOT-CLOTH

a saddle-cloth hanging down to the ground

FOR

for that, because

FORBID

accursed, outlawed

FORBODE

forbidden

FORCE

to stuff, for ‘farce.’

FORCED

falsely attributed

FORDO

to kill, destroy

 

to weary

FOREIGN

obliged to live abroad

FOREPAST

former

FORESLOW

to delay

FORFEND

to forbid

FORGETIVE

inventive

FORKED

horned

FORMAL

regular, retaining its proper and essential

 

characteristic

FORSPEAK

to speak against

FORSPENT

exhausted, weary

FORTHRIGHT

a straight path; forthrights and meanders,

 

straight paths and crooked ones

FORWEARY

to weary, exhaust

FOSSET-SELLER

one who sells the pipes inserted into a vessel

 

to give vent to the liquor, and stopped by a

 

spigot

FOX

a sword; a cant word

FOX-SHIP

the cunning of the fox

FRAMPOLD

peevish, unquiet

FRANK

the feeding place of swine

FRANKED

confined

FRANKLIN

a freeholder, a small squire

FRAUGHT

freighted

FRAUGHTAGE

freight

FRAUGHTING

to fraught. loading or constituting the

 

cargo of a ship

FRESH

a spring of fresh water

FRET

the stop of a guitar

FRET

to wear away

 

to variegate

FRIEND

to befriend

FRIPPERY

an old-clothes shop

FROM

prep. contrary to

FRONT

to affront, oppose

FRONTIER

opposition

FRONTLET

that which is worn on the forehead

FRUSH

to break or bruise

FRUSTRATE

frustrated

FUB OFF

to put off

FULFILL

to fill full

FULL

complete

FULLAM

a loaded die

FULSOME

lustful

FURNISHED

equipped

FURNITOR

furnitory, an herb

 

 

G

 

GABERDINE

a loose outer coat, or smock frock

GAD

a pointed instrument, a goad

 

upon the gad, with impetuous haste, upon the spur

 

of the moment

GAIN-GIVING

misgiving

GAIT

going, steps

GALLIARD

a kind of dance

GALLIASSE

a kind of ship

GALLIMAUFRY

a ridiculous medley

GALLOW

to scare

GALLOWGLASS

the irregular infantry of Ireland, and the

 

highlands of Scotland

GAMESTER

a frolicsome person

 

a loose woman

GARBOIL

disorder, uproar

GARISH

gaudy, staring

GARNER

to lay by, as corn in a barn

GAST

frightened

GAUDY

festive

GAZE

an object of wonder

GEAR

matter of business of any kind

GECK

a fool

GENERAL

the generality, common people

GENERATIONS

children

GENEROSITY

noble birth

GENEROUS

noble

GENTILITY

good manners

GENTLE

gentlefolk

GENTLE

noble

GENTLE

to ennoble

GENTRY

complaisance, conduct becoming gentlefolk

GERMAN

akin

 

appropriate

GERMEN

seed, embryo

GEST

period

GIB

a he-cat

GIFTS

talents, endowment

GIGLOT

a wanton girl

GILDER

a coin of the value of 1s. 6d. or 2s

GILT

money

 

state of wealth

GIMMAL

double

GIMMOR

contrivance

GING

gang

GIRD

to gibe

GIRD

a sarcasm or gibe

GLEEK

to scoff

GLEEK

a scoff

GLOSE

to comment; hence, to be garrulous

GLUT

to swallow

GNARL

to snarl

GOOD-DEED

indeed

GOOD-DEN

good-evening, contracted from ‘Good-even.’

GOOD-YEAR

 

or GOOD-JER

a corruption of the French goujere; the

 

venereal disease

GORBELLIED

corpulent

GOURD

a species of game of chance

GOUT

a drop

GOVERNMENT

discretion

GRACIOUS

abounding in grace Divine

GRAINED

engrained

GRAMERCY

int. grand mercy, much thanks

GRANGE

the farmstead attached to a monastery, a

 

solitary farm-house

GRATILLITY

used ridiculously for ‘gratuity.’

GRATULATE

to congratulate

GRAVE

to bury

GREASILY

grossly

GREEK

a bawd

GREEN

immature, fresh, unused

GREENLY

foolishly

GREET

to weep

GRIZE

a step

GROSSLY

palpably

GROUNDLING

one who sits in the pit of a theatre

GROWING

accruing

GUARD

decoration

GUARD

to decorate

GUARDAGE

guardianship

GUINEA-HEN

the pintado, a cant term

GULES

red, a term in heraldry

GULF

the throat

GUN-STONE

a cannon ball

GUST

taste, relish

GYVE

to fetter

 

 

H

 

HACK

to become common

HAGGARD

a wild or unreclaimed hawk

HAG-SEED

seed or offspring of a hag

HAIR

course, order, grain

HALIDOM

holiness, sanctification, Christian fellowship;

 

used as an oath, and analogous to ‘By my faith.’

HALL

an open space to dance in

HALLOWMAS

All Hallows’ Day

HAP

chance, fortune

HAPPILY

accidentally

HANDSAW

perhaps a corruption of Heronshaw; a hern

HARDIMENT

defiance, brave deeds

HARLOCK

charlock, wild mustard

HARRY

to annoy, harass

HAUGHT

haughty

HAUNT

company

HAVING

property, fortune

HAVIOUR

behavior

HAY

a term in fencing

HEADY

violent, headlong

HEAT

of ‘to heat,’ heated

HEBENON

henbane

HEFT

a heaving

HEFT

furnished with a handle: hence,

 

metaphorically, finished off, delicately formed

HELM

to steer, manage

HENCE

henceforward

HENCHMAN

a page or attendant

HENT

to seize, take

HERMIT

a beadsman, one bound to pray for another

HEST

command

HIGH

used in composition with adjectives to heighten

 

or emphasize their signification, as, high-

 

fantastical

HIGHT

called

HILD

held

HILDING

a paltry fellow

HINT

suggestion

HIREN

a prostitute. with a pun on the word ‘iron.’

HIT

to agree

HOISE

to hoist, heave up on high

HOIST

hoisted

HOLP

to help; helped

HOME

to the utmost

HONEST

chaste

HONESTY

chastity

HONEY-STALKS

the red clover

HOODMAN-BLIND

the game now called blindman’s-buff

HORN-MAD

probably, ‘harn-mad,’ that is, brain-mad

HOROLOGE

a clock

HOT-HOUSE

a brothel

HOX

to hamstring

HUGGER-MUGGER

secresy

HULL

to drift on the sea like a wrecked ship

HUMOROUS

fitful, or, perhaps, hurried

HUNT-COUNTER

to follow the scent the wrong way

HUNTS-UP

a holla used in hunting when the game was on

 

foot

HURLY

noise, confusion

HURTLE

to clash

HURTLING

noise, confusion

HUSBANDRY

frugality

 

Management

HUSWIFE

a jilt

 

 

I

 

ICE-BROOK

an icy-cold brook

I’FECKS

int. in faith, a euphemism

IGNOMY

ignominy

IMAGE

representation

IMBARE

to bare, lay open

IMMEDIACY

close connexion

IMMOMENT

unimportant

IMP

to graft. to splice a falcon’s broken feathers

IMP

a scion, a child

IMPAWN

to stake, compromise

IMPEACH

to bring into question

IMPEACH

impeachment

IMPEACHMENT

cause of censure, hindrance

IMPERCEIVERANT

duff of perception

IMPETICOS

to pocket

IMPORTANCE

importunity

IMPORTANT

importunate

IMPORTING

significant

IMPOSE

imposition, meaning command or task imposed

 

upon any one

IMPOSITIONS

command

IMPRESE

a device with a motto

IMPRESS

to compel to serve

INCAPABLE

unconscious

INCARNARDINE

to dye red

INCENSED

incited, egged on

INCH-MEAL

by inch-meal, by portions of inches

INCLINING

compliant

INCLINING

inclination

INCLIP

to embrace

INCLUDE

conclude

INCONY

fine, delicate

INCORRECT

ill-regulated

IND

India

INDENT

to compound or bargain

INDEX

a preface

INDIFFERENT

ordinary

INDIGEST

disordered

INDITE

to invite

 

to convict

INDUCTION

introduction, beginning

INDURANCE

delay

INFINITE

infinite power

INGRAFT

to engraff, engrafted

INHABITABLE

uninhabitable

INHERIT

to possess

INHOOPED

penned up in hoops

INKHORN-MATE

a contemptuous term for an ecclesiastic, or man

 

of learning

INKLE

a kind of narrow fillet or tape

INLAND

civilized, well-educated

INLY

inward

INLY

inwardly

INQUISITION

enquiry

INSANE

that which causes insanity

INSCONCE

to arm, fortify

INSTANCE

example

 

Information

 

reason, proof

INTEND

to pretend

INTENDING

regarding

INTENDMENT

intention

INTENTIVELY

attentively

INTERESSED

allied

INTERMISSION

pause, delay

INTRENCHMENT

not capable of being cut

INTRINSE

intricate

INTRINSICATE

intricate

INVENTION

imagination

INWARD

an intimate friend

 

intimate

INWARDNESS

intimacy

IRREGULOUS

lawless, licentious

ITERATION

reiteration

 

 

J

 

JACK

a mean fellow

JACK-A-LENT

a puppet thrown at in Lent

JACK GUARDANT

a jack in office

JADE

to whip, to treat with contempt

JAR

the ticking of a clock

JAR

to tick as a clock

JAUNCE

to prance

JESS

a strap of leather attached to the talons of a

 

hawk, by which it is held on the fist

JEST

to tilt in a tournament

JET

to strut

JOURNAL

daily

JOVIAL

appertaining to Jove

JUDICIOUS

critical

JUMP

to agree

 

to hazard

JUMP

hazard

JUMP

exactly, nicely

JUSTICER

a judge, magistrate

JUT

to encroach

JUTTY

a projection

JUTTY

to jut out beyond

JUVENAL

youth, young man

 

 

K

 

KAM

crooked

KECKSY

hemlock

KEECH

a lump of tallow

KEEL

to skin

KEEP

to restrain

KEISAR

Caesar, Emperor

KERN

the rude foot soldiers of the Irish

KIBE

a chilblain

KICKSHAW

a made dish

KICKSY WICKSY

a wife, used in disdain

KILN-HOLE

the ash-hole under a kiln

KIND

nature

KINDLE

to bring forth young; used only of beasts

KINDLESS

unnatural

KINDLY

natural

KIRTLE

a gown

KNAP

to snap, crack

KNAVE

a boy

 

A serving-man

KNOT

a figure in garden beds

KNOW

to acknowledge

 

 

L

 

LABRAS

lips

LACED-MUTTON

a courtesan

LAG

the lowest of the people

LAG

late, behindhand

LAKIN

ladykin, little lady, an endearing term applied

 

to the Virgin Mary in the oath, ‘By our lakin.’

LAND-DAMN

perhaps to extirpate; Hanmer thinks it means

 

to kill by stopping the urine

LAPSED

taken, apprehended

LARGE

licentious, free

LARGESS

a present

LASS-LORN

deserted by a mistress

LATCH

to smear

 

To catch

LATED

belated

LATTEN

made of brass

LAUND

lawn

LAVOLTA

a dance

LAY

wager

LEAGUE

besieging army

LEASING

lying

LEATHER-COATS

a kind of apple

LEECH

a physician

LEER

countenance, complexion

LEET

a manor court

LEGE

to allege

LEGERITY

lightness

LEIGER

an ambassador resident abroad

LEMAN

a lover or mistress

LENTEN

meagre

 

That which may be eaten in Lent

L’ENVOY

the farewell or moral at the end of a tale or

 

poem

LET

to hinder

 

to binder

LET

hindrance

LETHE

death

LEVEL

to aim

LEVEL

that which is aimed at

LEWD

ignorant, foolish

LEWDLY

wickedly

LEWDSTER

a lewd person

LIBBARD

a leopard

LIBERAL

licentious

LIBERTY

libertinism

LICENCE

licentiousness

LIEF

dear

LIFTER

a thief

LIGHT O’ LOVE

a tune so called

LIGHTLY

easily, generally

LIKE

to please

LIKE

to liken, compare

LIKE

likely

LIKELIHOOD

promise, appearance

LIKING

condition

LIMBECK

an alembick, a still

LIMBO

or Limbo patrum, the place where good men under

 

the Old Testament were believed to be imprisoned till

 

released by Christ after his crucifixion

LIME

bird-lime

LIME

to entangle as with bird-lime

 

to smear with bird-lime

 

to mix lime with beer or other liquor

LIMN

to draw

LINE

to cover on the inside

 

to strengthen by inner works

LINSTOCK

a staff with a match at the end of it used by

 

gunners in firing cannon

LIST

a margin, hence a bound or enclosure

LITHER

lazy

LITTLE

miniature

LIVELIHOOD

appearance of life

LIVERY

a law phrase, signifying the act of delivering

 

a freehold into the possession of the heir or

 

purchaser

LIVING

lively, convincing

LOACH

a fish so called

LOB

a looby

LOCKRAM

a sort of coarse linen

LODE-STAR

the leading-star, pole-star

LOFFE

to laugh

LOGGATS

the game called nine-pins

LONGLY

longingly

LOOF

to lull, bring a vessel up to the wind

LOON

a low contemptible fellow

LOT

a prize in a lottery

LOTTERY

that which falls to a man by lot

LOWT

a clown

LOWT

to treat one as a lowt, with contempt

LOZEL

a spendthrift

LUBBER

a leopard

LUCE

n. the pike or jack, a fresh-water fish

LUMPISH

duff, dejected

LUNES

fits of lunacy

LURCH

to defeat, to win

LURCH

to shift, to play tricks

LURE

a thing stuffed to resemble a bird with which

 

the falconer allures a hawk

LUSH

juicy, luxuriant

LUSTIG

lusty, cheerful

LUXURIOUS

lascivious

LUXURY

lust

LYM

a limer or slow hound

 

 

M

 

MADE

having his fortune made

MAGNIFICO

the chief magistrate at Venice

MAGOT-PIE

a magpie, a pie which feeds on magots

MAIL

covered as with a coat of mail

MAIN-COURSE

a sea-term

MAKE

to do up, bar

 

to do

MALKIN

a familiar name for Mary; hence a servant

 

wench

MALLECHO

mischief

MAMMERING

hesitating

MAMMETS

a woman’s breasts

 

a doll

MAMMOCK

to break, tear

MAN

to tame a hawk

MANAGE

management

MANDRAGORA

or Mandrake a plant of soporiferous quality,

 

supposed to resemble a man

MANKIND

having a masculine nature

MARCHES

frontiers, borders

MARCHPANE

a kind of sweet biscuit

MARGENT

margin

MARRY TRAP

an oath

MARTLEMAS

the Feast of St. Martin, which occurs on the

 

11th of Nov. when the fine weather generally ends;

 

hence applied to an old man

MATCH

an appointment

MATE

to confound, dismay

MEACOCK

tame, cowardly

MEALED

mingled

MEAN

instrument used to promote an end

MEAN

the tenor part in a harmony

MEAN

opportunity, power

MEASURE

reach

 

a stately dance

MEAZEL

a leper, spoken in contempt of a mean person

MEDAL

a portrait in a locket

MEDICINE

a physician

MEED

reward, hire

 

merit

MEHERCLE

by Hercules

MEINY

retinue

MELL

to mix, to meddle

MEMORISE

to cause to be remembered

MEPHISTOPHILUS

the name of a familiar spirit

MERCATANTE

a foreign trader

MERELY

simply, absolutely

MESS

a company of four

METAPHYSICAL

supernatural

METE-YARD

measuring-wand

MEW UP

to confine

MICHER

a truant

MICKLE

much

MILL-SIXPENCE

a milled sixpence

MINCE

to do any thing affectedly

MINCING

affected

MISCREATE

illegitimate

MISDOUBT

to suspect

MISERY

avarice

MISPRISE

to despise

 

to mistake

MISPRISION

mistake

MISSIVE

messenger

MISTEMPERED

angry

MISTHINK

to think ill of

MISTRESS

the jack in bowling

MOBLED

muffled

MODERN

commonplace

MODULE

a model, image

MOE

and more. Of frequent occurrence

MOIETY

a portion

MOME

a stupid person

MOMENTANY

momentary

MONTHS-MIND

a monthly commemoration of the dead, but used

 

ludicrously to mean a great mind or strong desire

MOOD

anger

MOON-CALF

a nick-name applied to Caliban

MOONISH

inconstant

MOP

nod

MORISCO

a Moor

MORRIS-PIKE

Moorish-pike

MORT

death, applied to animals of the chase

MORT-DU-VINAIGRE

a ridiculous oath

MORTAL

fatal, deadly

 

murderous

MORTIFIED

ascetic

MOSE

a doubtful word, applied to some disease

 

in a horse

MOTION

solicitation

 

emotion

MOTION

a puppet

MOTIVE

one who moves

 

that which moves

MOTLEY

or the many-coloured coat of a fool, or

 

a fool

MOTLEY-MINDED

foolish

MOUSE-HUNT

a weasel

MOW

to make grimaces

MOY

a coin, probably a moidore

MUCH

int. significant of contempt

MUCH

used ironically

MURE

a wall

MUST

a scramble

MUTINE

to mutiny

MUTINE

a mutineer

 

 

N

 

NAPKIN

a handkerchief

NATURAL

an idiot

NAYWARD

towards denial

NAYWORD

a catch-word, by-word

NEB

the beak

NEELD

a needle

NEIF

hand

NEPHEW

a grandson

NETHER-STOCKS

stockings

NEXT

nearest

NICE

foolish

NICK

score or reckoning

NICK

to brand with folly

NIGHTED

black as night

NIGHT-RULE

nightly solemnity

NINE MEN’S MORRIS

a place set apart for a Moorish dance by

 

nine men

NINNY

a fool, jester

NOBILITY

nobleness

NOBLE

a coin, worth 6s. 8d

NODDY

a dolt

NONCE

for the nonce, corrupted from ‘for then once,’

 

for the occasion

NOOK-SHOTTEN

indented with bays and creeks

NOURISH

a nurse

NOVUM

a game at dice

NOWL

head

NUTHOOK

a hook for pulling down nuts, hence a thief

 

 

 

 

O

 

O

a circle

OAR

to row as with oars

OBSEQUIOUS

behaving as becomes one who attends funeral

 

obsequies

OBSEQUIOUSLY

funereally

OBSTACLE

ridiculously used for ‘obstinate.’

OCCUPATION

persons occupied in business

OCCURENT

an incident

OD’S BODY

 / ‘Od’s in these

OD’S HEARTLINGS

 |  and all similar

 

<  exclamations is

OD’S PITTIKINS

 |  a euphemism

OD’S PLESSED WILL

   for ‘God’s.’

OEILLIAD

an amorous glance

O’ERPARTED

having too important a part to act

O’ER-RAUGHT

overreached

 

overtasked

OFFERING

challenging

OFFICE

benefit, kindness

 

use, function

OLD

a cant term for great, as we say fine, or pretty

ONCE

some time

ONEYER

a banker.  A doubtful word

OPE

open

OPE

to open

 

to open

OPEN

plain

 

Public

OPEN

to give tongue as a hound

OPERANT

active

OPINIONED

used ridiculously for pinioned

OPPOSITE

adversary

OPPOSITION

combat

OR

before

ORDER

measures

ORDINANCE

rank, order

ORGULOUS

proud

ORT

leaving, refuse

OSTENT

show, appearance

OSTENTATION

show, appearance

OUNCE

a beast of prey of the tiger kind

OUPHE

a fairy

OUSEL-COCK

the blackbird

OUT

all out, fully

OUT-LOOK

to face down

OUTWARD

not in the secret of affairs

OUTWARD

outside

OWE

to own

 

 

P

 

PACK

to practise unlawful confederacy

PACK

a number of people confederated

PADDOCK

a toad

PAID

punished

PALABRAS

words, a cant term, from the Spanish

PALE

to enclose

PALL

to wrap as with a pall

PALLED

impaired

PALMER

one who bears a palm-branch, in token of having

 

made a pilgrimage to Palestine

PALMY

victorious

PARCELLED

belonging to individuals

PARD

the leopard

PARITOR

an apparitor

PARLE

talk

PARLOUS

perilous

 

keen, shrewd

PARTED

endowed, gifted

PARTIZAN

a pike

PASH

the face

PASH

to strike violently, to bruise, crush

PASS

to practise

 

To surpass expectation

PASSANT

a term of heraldry, applied to animals

 

represented on the shield as passing by at a trot

PASSING

surpassingly, exceedingly

PASSION

to have feelings

PASSIONATE

to suffer

PASSY-MEASURE

a kind of dance

PASTRY

the room where pastry was made

PATCH

a mean fellow

PATCHED

dressed in motley

PATCHERY

trickery

PATH

to walk

PATHETICAL

affected, hypocritical

PATIENT

to make patient, to compose

PATINE

the metal disc on which the bread is placed in

 

the administration of the Eucharist

PATTERN

to give an example of

 

afford a pattern for

PAUCA VERBA

few words

PAUCAS

few, a cant word

PAVIN

a dance

PAX

a small image of Christ

PAY

to despatch

PEAT

a term of endearment for a child

PEDASCULE

a pedant, schoolmaster

PEER

to peep out

PEIZE

to balance, weigh down

PELTING

paltry

PERDU

lost

PERDURABLE

durable

PERDY

a euphemism for Par Dieu

PERFECT

certain

PERFECT

to inform perfectly

PERIAPTS

charms worn round the neck

PERJURE

a perjured person

PERSEVER

to persevere

PERSPECTIVE

a telescope, or some sort of optical glass

PEW-FELLOW

a comrade

PHEEZE

to comb, fleece, curry

PIA-MATER

the membrane covering the brain, the brain

 

itself

PICK

to pitch, throw

PICKED

chosen, selected

PICKERS

(and stealers), the fingers, used ridiculously

PICKING

insignificant

PICKT-HATCH

a place noted for brothels. Merry Wives

 

of Windsor

PIED

motley-coated, wearing the motley coat of a

 

jester

PIELED

shaven

PLIGHT

pitched

PILCHER

a scabbard

PILL

to pillage

PIN

a malady of the eye

 

the centre of a target

PINFOLD

a pound, a place to confine lost cattle

PIONED

digged

PLACKET

a petticoat-front

PLAIN SONG

a simple air

PLAITED

intricate

PLANCHED

made of boards

PLANTATION

colonizing, planting a colony

PLAUSIVE

plausible

PLEACHED

interwoven

POINT

a lace furnished with a tag by which the

 

breeches were held up

POINT-DE-VICE

faultless

POISE

balance

 

doubt

POLLED

bare

POMANDER

a perfumed ball

POMEWATER

a kind of apple

POOR-JOHN

a herring

POPINJAY

a parrot

PORT

pomp, state

PORT

a gate

PORTABLE

bearable

PORTANCE

conduct, behavior

POSSESS

to inform

POTCH

to push violently

POTENT

a potentate

POUNCET-BOX

a box for holding perfumes

POWER

forces, army

PRACTISE

wicked stratagem

PRACTISANT

a confederate

PRANK

to dress up

PRECEPT

a justice’s summons

PRECIOUSLY

in business of great importance

PREGNANCY

fertility of invention

PREGNANT

fertile of invention

 

ready

 

obvious

PRENOMINATE

to name beforehand, to prophesy

PRE-ORDINANCE

old-established law

PRESENCE

the presence-chamber

 

high bearing

PREST

ready

PRETENCE

design

PRETEND

to portend

 

to intend

PREVENT

to anticipate

PRICK

the mark denoting the hour on a dial

PRICK

to incite

 

to choose by pricking a hole with a pin opposite the

 

name

PRICK-SONG

music sung in parts by note

PRICKET

A stag of two years

PRIDE

heat

PRIG

to steal

PRIME

rank, lecherous

PRIMER

more-important

PRIMERO

A game at cards

PRINCIPALITY

that which holds the highest place

PRINCOX

a coxcomb

PRISER

a prize-fighter

PROCURE

to bring

PREFACE

interj. much good may it do you

PROFANE

outspoken

PROGRESS

a royal ceremonial journey

PROJECT

to shape or contrive

PROMPTURE

suggestion

PRONE

ready, willing

PROOF

strength of manhood

PROPAGATE

to advance, to forward

PROPAGATION

obtaining

PROPER-FALSE

natural falsehood

PROPERTIED

endowed with the properties of

PROPERTIES

scenes, dresses, &c. used in a theatre

PROPERTY

to take possession of

PROPOSE

to suppose, for the sake of argument

 

to converse

PROPOSE

conversation

PROROGUE

to defer

PROVAND

provender

PROVISION

forecast

PUCELLE

a virgin, the name given to Joan of Arc

PUDENCY

modesty

PUGGING

thieving

PUN

to pound

PURCHASE

to acquire, win

PURCHASE

gain, winnings

PUT

to compel

PUTTER-ON

an instigator

PUTTER-OUT

one who lends money at interest

PUTTING-ON

instigation

PUTTOCK

a kite

 

 

Q

 

QUAIL

to faint, be languid, be afraid

 

to cause to quail

QUAINT

curiously beautiful

QUAKE

to cause to quake or tremble

QUALIFY

to moderate

QUALITY

those of the same nature

 

rank or condition

QUARREL

a suit, cause

QUARRY

game, a heap of game

QUART D’ECU

a quarter crown

QUARTER

the post allotted to a soldier

QUAT

a pimple; used in contempt of a person

QUEASY

squeamish, unsettled

QUELL

murder

QUENCH

to grow cool

QUERN

a hand-mill

QUEST

enquiry, search, inquest, jury

QUESTRIST

one who goes in search of another

QUICK

so far gone in pregnancy that the child is

 

alive

QUICKEN

to come to life

QUIDDIT

a subtle question

QUIDDITY

a subtle question

QUILLET

quidebet, a subtle case in law

QUINTAIN

a post for tilting at

QUIP

sharp jest, a taunt

QUIRE

to sing in concert

QUIT

to requite, respond

QUIT

past tense of the verb to quit, quitted

QUITANCE

requital

QUIVER

active

QUOTE

to note

 

 

R

 

RABATO

a ruff

RABBIT-SUCKER

a weasel

RACE

breed; inherited nature

RACK

wreck

RACK

to enhance the price of anything

 

to drive as clouds

RAG

a term of contempt applied to persons

RAKE

to cover

RAPT

transported with emotion

RAPTURE

a fit

RASCAL

a lean deer

RASH

quick, violent

RATE

opinion, judgment

RATE

to assign, to value

 

to scold

RATOLORUM

a ludicrous mistake for Rotulorum

RAUGHT

past tense of reach

RAVIN

ravenous

RAVIN

to devour

RAWLY

inadequately

RAWNESS

unprovided state

RAYED

arrayed, served

RAZED

slashed

REAR-MOUSE

the bat

REBATE

to deprive of keenness

REBECK

a three-stringed fiddle

RECEIPT

money received

RECEIVING

capacity

RECHEAT

a point of the chase to call back the hounds

RECORD

to sing

RECORDER

a flute

RECURE

to cure, recover

RED-LATTICE

suitable to an ale-house, because ale-houses

 

had commonly red lattices

RED-PLAGUE

erysipelas

REDUCE

to bring back

REECHY

smoky, dirty

REFELL

to refute

REFER

to reserve to

REGIMENT

government

REGREET

a salutation

REGREET

to salute

REGUERDON

requital

RELATIVE

applicable

REMEMBER

to remind

REMORSE

pity

REMORSEFUL

full of pity, compassionate

REMOTION

removal

REMOVED

sequestered, remote

RENDER

to describe you

RENDER

account

RENEGE

to renounce, to deny

REPAIR

to renovate, comfort

REPEAL

to reverse the sentence of exile

 

two Gentlemen of Verona

REPROOF

confutation

REPUGN

to resist

REQUIEM

mass for the dead, so called because it begins

 

with the words, Requiem eternam dona eis, Domine

RESOLVE

to satisfy

 

to dissolve

RESPECT

consideration

RESPECTIVE

respectful, thoughtful

RESPECTIVE

corresponding

RESPECTIVELY

respectfully

RETAILED

handed down

RETIRE

retreat

RETIRE

to draw back

REVERB

to echo

REVOLT

a rebel

RIB

to enclose as within ribs

RID

to destroy

RIFT

to split

 

to split

RIFT

a split

RIGGISH

wanton

RIGOL

a circle

RIPE

drunk

RIVAGE

the shore

RIVAL

a partner

RIVALITY

equal rank

RIVE

to fire

ROAD

the high road, applied to a common woman

ROISTING

roistering, violent

ROMAGE

unusual stir

RONVON

a term of contempt applied to a woman

ROOD

the crucifix

ROOK

a cheater

ROPERY

roguery

ROPE-TRICKS

tricks such as are played by a rope-dancer

ROUND

to whisper

 

to become great with child

 

to finish off

ROUND

a diadem

ROUND

unceremonious

ROUNDEL

a dance or song

ROUNDURE

an enclosure

ROUSE

carousal

ROYNISH

mangy

RUBIOUS

ruddy

RUDDOCK

the redbreast

RUSH

to push

RUSHLING

rustling

 

 

S

 

SACRIFICIAL

reverent, as words used in religious worship

SACRING-BELL

the little bell rung at mass to give notice

 

that the elements are consecrated

SAD

serious

SADLY

seriously

SADNESS

seriousness

SAFE

to make safe

SAG

to hang down

SALT

lascivious

SALT

taste

SANDED

marked with yellow spots

SANS

without

SAUCY

lascivious

SAW

a moral saying

SAY

silken

SAY

assay, taste, relish

SCAFFOLDAGE

the gallery of a theatre

SCALD

scurvy, scabby

SCALE

to weigh in scales

SCALL

a scab, a word of reproach

SCAMBLE

to scramble

SCAMEL

probably a misprint for sea-mel, sea-mew

SCAN

to examine subtly

SCANT

to cut short, to spare

SCANT

scanty, short

 

scarcely

SCANTLING

a small portion

SCAPE

to escape

SCAPE

a sally

SCATHE

injury

SCATHE

to injure

SCATHFUL

destructive

SCONCE

the head

SCOTCH

to bruise or cut slightly

SCRIMER

a fencer

SCROYLE

a scabby fellow

SCULL

a shoal of fish

SCURVY

scabby; metaph. mean

SEAL

to set one’s seal to a deed; hence, to confirm

SEAM

fat

SEAMY

showing the seam or sewing

SEAR

scorched, withered

SEAR

to stigmatise

SEARCH

to probe; hence, to apply a healing remedy

SEATED

fixed, confirmed

SECT

a slip or scion

 

a political party

SECURELY

inconsiderately

SEEL

to close

SEELING

closing, blinding

SEEMING

seemly, becomingly

SEEMING

outward manner and appearance

SEEN

versed, instructed

SELD

seldom

SELF-BOUNTY

native goodness

SEMBLABLY

alike

SENIORY

seniority

SENNET

a flourish of trumpets

SEPULCHRE

to bury

SEQUESTRATION

separation

SERE

dry

SERJEANT

a bailiff

SERPIGO

a cutaneous disease

SERVICEABLE

‘serviceable vows,’ vows that you will do

 

her service, or be her servant

SETEBOS

the name of a fiend

SETTER

one who watches travellers to give information

 

to thieves

SEVERAL

land which is not common but appropriated

SHAME

to be ashamed

SHAME

modesty

SHARDS

shreds, broken fragments of pottery

SHARDS

the wing cases of beetles; hence ‘sharded,’

 

and ‘shard-borne,’

SHARKED

snatched up, as a shark does his prey

SHEEN

brilliancy

SHEER

pure

 

unmixed

SHENT

rebuked, blamed

 

hurt

SHERIFF’S-POST

a post at the door of a sheriff, to which royal

 

proclamations were fixed

SHIVE

slice

SHOT

the reckoning at an ale-house

SHOUGHS

shaggy dogs

SHOULDERED

plunged

SHOVEL-BOARD

game played by sliding metal pieces along

 

a board at a mark

SHREWD

mischievous

SHRIFT

confession

 

Absolution

SHRIVE

to confess

SHRIVING-TIME

time for confession

SHROUD

to enshroud oneself, cover oneself up

SIDE-SLEEVES

loose hanging sleeves

SIEGE

seat

 

stool

 

rank

SIGHT

an aperture in a helmet

SIGHTLESS

invisible

 

unsightly

SIGN

to give an omen

SILLY

simple, rustic

SIMULAR

counterfeit, feigned

SINGLE

feeble

SIR

a title applied to a bachelor of arts at the Universities

SITH

since

SITHENCE

since

SIZES

allowances

SKAINS-MATES

scapegraces

SKILL

to be of importance

SKILLESS

ignorant

SKIMBLE-SKAMBLE

rambling, disjointed

SKINKER

a drawer of liquor

SKIRR

to scour

SLACK

slacken

SLAVE

to turn to slavish uses

SLEAVE

floss-silk

SLEDDED

sledged

SLEIDED

untwisted, raw, applied to silk

 

 (Gower)

SLEIGHTS

artifices

SLIPPER

slippery

SLIPS

a kind of noose, or leash

 

a piece of base money

SLIVER

to slice

SLIVER

a slice

SLOPS

loose breeches

SLUBBER

to slur over

SMIRCHED

smeared, soiled

SMOOTH

to flatter

SMOOTHED

flattered, fawned upon

SNEAP

taunt, sarcasm

SNEAPED

pinched

SNECK-UP

go hang!

SNUFF

anger

 

‘To take in snuff’ is to take offence

SOFTLY

gently

SOIL

spot, taint

SOLICIT

solicitation

SOLIDARE

a small coin

SOLVE

solution

SOMETIMES

formerly

SOOTH

truth

 

conciliation

SOOTH

true

SOREL

a buck of the third year

SORRIEST

most sorrowful

SORRY

sorrowful, dismal

SORT

a company

 

Rank, condition

 

Lot

 

‘In a sort,’ in a manner

SORT

to choose

 

to suit

 

To consort

SOT

fool

SOUL-FEARING

soul-terrifying

SOWL

to lug, drag

SOWTER

name of a dog

SPECIALLY

a special contract

SPED

settled, done for

SPEED

fortune

SPERR

to bolt, fasten

SPIAL

spy

SPILL

to destroy

SPILTH

spilling

SPLEEN

violent haste

 

used of the lightning flash

SPRAG

quick

SPRING

shoot, bud

 

beginning

SPRINGHALT

stringhalt, a disease of horses

SPRITED

haunted

SPURS

roots of trees

SQUANDERED

scattered

SQUARE

to quarrel

SQUARE

the front part of a woman’s dress, stomacher

SQUARE

equitable

SQUARER

quarreller

SQUASH

an unripe peascod

SQUIER

a square or rule

SQUINY

to squint

STAGGERS

a disease in horses, attended with giddiness:

 

hence any bewildering distress

STAIN

to disfigure

STALE

a decoy

 

A gull

 

a prostitute

STALE

to make stale, deprive anything of its

 

freshness

STAND UPON

to be incumbent on

STANIEL

an inferior kind of hawk

STARK

stiff

STARKLY

stiffly

STATE

a canopied chair

STATION

attitude

 

act of standing

STATIST

a statesman

STATUA

a statue

STATUE

image, picture

STATUTE

security, obligation

STATUTE-CAPS

woollen caps worn by citizens

STAY

a cheque

STEAD

to profit

STEELED

set or fixed

STERNAGE

steerage, course

STICKLER

an arbitrator in combats

STIGMATIC

a deformed person

STIGMATICAL

deformed

STILL

constant

STILL

constantly

STILLY

softly

STINT

to stop

STITHY

a smith’s forge

STITHY

to forge

STOCCADO

a stoccata, or thrust in fencing

STOCK

a stocking

STOMACH

courage, stubbornness

 

appetite, inclination

STONE-BOW

a cross-bow for throwing stones

STOUP

a cup

STOUT

strong, healthy

STOVER

fodder

STRACHY

a word of doubtful meaning

STRAIGHT

immediately

STRAIN

lineage

 

disposition

STRAITED

straitened

STRANGE

foreign

 

coy, reserved

 

marvellous

STRANGENESS

coyness, reserve

STRANGER

foreigner

STRAPPADO

a kind of punishment

STRICTURE

strictness

STROSSERS

trowsers

STUCK

a thrust of a sword

STUCK IN

corruption of stoccata

STUFF

baggage

 

material, substance

STUFFED

filled, stored

STY

to lodge as in a sty

SUBSCRIBE

to yield

 

to succumb

SUCCESS

issue, consequence

 

succession

SUCCESSIVE

succeeding

SUCCESSIVELY

in succession

SUDDEN

hasty, rash

SUDDENLY

hastily

SUFFERANCE

suffering

SUGGEST

to tempt, entice

SUGGESTION

temptation, enticement

SUITED

dressed

SULLEN

doleful, melancholy

SUMPTER

a horse that carries provisions on a journey

SUPPOSE

a trick, imposition

SUPPOSED

counterfeit

SURCEASE

to cease

SURCEASE

cessation, end

SURPRISE

to capture by surprise

SUR-REINED

over-worked

SUSPECT

suspicion

SUSPIRE

to breathe

SWABBER

a sweeper of the deck of a ship

SWARTH

black

SWARTH

quantity of grass cut down by one sweep of the

 

scythe

SWASHER

swaggerer

SWASHING

dashing, smashing

SWATH

the same as ‘swarth.’

SWATHLING

swaddling

SWAY

to move on

SWEAR

to adjure

SWEAR OVER

to out-swear

SWIFT

ready, quick

SWINGE-BUCKLER

a bully

 

 

T

 

TABLE

a tablet, note-book

TABLE-BOOK

note-book

TABLES

the game of backgammon

 

a note-book

TABOUR

a small side-drum

TABOURER

a player on the tabour

TABOURINE

tambourine, drum

TAG

the rabble

TAINT

tainted

TAINTURE

defilement

TAKE

to infect, blast, bewitch

TAKE IN

to conquer

TAKE OUT

to copy

TAKE UP

to borrow money, or buy on credit

 

to make up a quarrel

TAKING

infection, malignant influence

TAKING UP

buying on credit

TALE

counting, reckoning

TALL

strong, valiant

TALLOW-CATCH

a lump of tallow

TANG

twang, sound

TANG

to sound

TANLING

anything tanned by the sun

TARRE

to excite, urge on

TARRIANCE

delay

TARTAR

tartarus

TASK

to tax

 

challenge

TASKING

challenging

TASTE

to try

TAWDRY-LACE

a rustic necklace

TAXATION

satire, sarcasm

TAXING

satire

TEEN

grief

TELL

to count

TEMPER

to mix

TEMPERANCE

temperature

TEMPERED

mixed

TEND

to attend to

TENDER

to hold, to esteem

 

to have consideration for

TENT

to probe as a wound

TENT

a probe for searching a wound

TERCEL

the male of the goshawk

TERMAGANT

a ranting character in old plays

TESTED

pure, assayed

TESTERN

to reward with a tester, or six-pence

THARBOROUGH

a constable

THEORICK

theory

THEWES

sinews, muscles

THICK

rapidly

THICK-PLEACHED

thickly intertwined

THIRD-BOROUGH

a constable

THOUGHT

anxiety, grief

 

so ‘to take thought’ is to give way to grief

THRASONICAL

boastful

THREE-MAN BEETLE

a wooden mallet worked by three men

THREE-MAN-SONG-MEN

singers of glees in three parts

THREE-PILE

three-piled velvet

THRENE

lament

THRID

thread, fibre

THROE

to put in agonies

THRUM

the tufted end of a thread in weaving

THRUMMED

made od coarse ends or tufts

TICKLE

ticklish

TIGHT

nimble, active

TIGHTLY

briskly, promptly

TIKE

a cur

TILLY-VALLY

int. an exclamation of contempt

TILTH

tillage

TIMELESS

untimely

TINCT

stain, dye

TIRE

attire, head-dress

TIRE

to tear as a bird of prey

 

hence, metaphorically, to feed

TIRE

to attire, dress

TANG

twang, sound

TOD

to yield a tod of wool

TOKENED

marked with plague spots

TOKENS

plague spots

TOLL

to exact toll

 

to pay toll

TOO TOO

excessively

TOPLESS

supreme, without superior

TOUCH

touchstone for testing gold

 

trait

 

an acute feeling

TOUCHED

pricked

TOUSE

to pull, drag

TOWARD

nearly ready

TOWARDS

nearly ready

TOYS

trifles, foolish tricks

TRADE

beaten path

TRANECT

a ferry

TRANSLATED

transformed

TRASH

to cheque, as a huntsman his hounds

TRAVAIL

labour, toil

TRAY-TRIP

an old game played with dice

TREACHERS

traitors

TREATIES

entreaties

TRENCHED

carved

TRICK

technically, a copy of a coat of arms; hence,

 

any peculiarity which distinguishes voice or

 

feature

TRICK

to dress up

TRICKED

blazoned

TRICKING

ornament

TRICKSY

elegantly quaint

TRIPLE

third

TROJAN

a cant word for a thief

TROL-MY-DAMES

the name of a game; also called

 

pigeon-holes

TROTH-PLIGHT

betrothed

TROW

to trust, think

TRUE

honest

TRUNDLE-TAIL

a long-tailed dog

TUCKET-SONANCE

a flourish on the trumpet

TUNDISH

a funnel

TURLYGOOD

a name adopted by bedlam-beggars

TURN

to modulate

TWANGLING

twanging

TWIGGEN

made of twigs, wicker

TWILLED

Retained by woven branches

TWINK

a twinkling

TWIRE

to peep, twinkle

 

 

U

 

UMBERED

stained, dark, as with umber

UNANELED

without extreme unction

UNAVOIDED

unavoidable

UNBARBED

untrimmed

UNBATED

unblunted

UNBOLT

to disclose

UNBOLTED

unsifted, unrefined

UNBREATHED

unpractised

UNCAPE

to throw off the hounds

UNCHARGED

undefended, applied to the gates of a city

UNCLEW

to unravel, undo

UNCOINED

unalloyed, unfeigned

UNDERGO

to undertake

UNDERTAKER

one who takes up another’s quarrel

UNDER-WROUGHT

undermined

UNEATH

hardly

UNEXPRESSIVE

inexpressible

UNFAIR

to deprive of beauty

UNHAPPILY

censoriously

UNHAPPY

mischievous

UNHATCHED

undisclosed

UNHOUSELED

without receiving the sacrament

UNIMPROVED

unreproved

UNION

a pearl

UNJUST

dishonest

UNKIND

unnatural

UNLIVED

bereft of life

UNMANNED

untamed, applied to a hawk

UNOWED

unowned

UNPREGNANT

stupid

UNPROPER

common to all

UNQUESTIONABLE

not inquisitive

UNREADY

undressed

UNRESPECTIVE

inconsiderate

UNSISTING

unresting

UNSTANCHED

incontinent

UNTEMPERING

unsoftening

UNTENTED

unsearchable

UNTRADED

unused, uncommon

UNTRIMMED

spoiled of grace or ornament

UNTRUE

untruth

UNVALUED

invaluable

UPSPRING REEL

a boisterous dance

URCHIN

the hedge-hog

USANCE

usury

USE

interest

UTIS

riotous merriment, which accompanied the eighth

 

day of a festival

UTTER

to expel, put forth

UTTERANCE

extremity

 

 

V

 

VADE

to fade

VAIL

to lower

VAILING

lowering

VAINNESS

vanity

VALANCED

adorned with a valence or fringe; applied

 

to the beard

VALIDITY

value

VANTAGE

advantage

VANTBRACE

armour for the front of the arm

VARLET

a servant, valet

VAST

properly a waste-place, metaphorically, the dead

 

of night

 

a gulf

VASTIDITY

immensity

VASTLY

like a waste

VASTY

vast, waste

VAUNT

the van, that which precedes

VAUNT-COURIERS

forerunners

VAWARD

the van, vanguard, advanced guard of an army

 

hence, metaphorically, the first of anything

VEGETIVES

herbs

VELURE

velvet

VELVET-GUARDS

literally, velvet trimmings; applied

 

metaphorically to the citizens who wore them

VENEW

a bout in fencing, metaphorically applied to

 

repartee and sallies of wit

VENEY

a bout at fencing

VENGE

to avenge

VENTAGES

holes in a flute or flageolet

VERBAL

wordy

VERY

true, real

VIA

int. off with you!

VICE

to screw

VICE

the buffoon in the old morality plays

VIE

to challenge; a term at cards

 

to play as for a wager

VIEWLESS

invisible

VILLAIN

a lowborn man

VINEWED

mouldy

VIOL-DE-GAMBOYS

a bass viol

VIRGINALLING

playing as on the virginals, a kind of a

 

spinet

VIRTUE

the essential excellence

 

valour

VIRTUOUS

excellent

 

endowed with virtues

VIZAMENT

advisement

VOLUBLE

fickle

VOLUNTARY

volunteer

VOTARIST

votary, one who has taken a vow

VULGAR

the common people

VULGAR

common

VULGARLY

publicly

 

 

W

 

WAFT

to wave, beckon

 

to turn

WAFTAGE

passage

WAFTURE

waving, beckoning

WAGE

to reward as with wages

WAILFUL

lamentable

WAIST

the middle of a ship

WANNION

‘with a vengeance.’

WAPPENED

withered, overworn

WARD

guard

 

prison

WARDEN

A large pear used for baking

WARDER

truncheon

WARN

to summon

WASSAIL

A drinking bout

 

festivity

WAT

a familiar word for a hare

WATCH

a watch light

WATCH

to tame by keeping constantly awake

WATER-GALL

a secondary rainbow

WATER-RUG

a kind of dog

WATER-WORK

painting in distemper

WAX

to grow

WAXEN

perhaps, to hiccough

WEALTH

weal, advantage

WEAR

fashion

WEATHER-FEND

to defend from the weather

WEB AND PIN

the cataract in the eye

WEE

small, tiny

WEE

to think

WEED

garment

WEET

to wit, know

WEIGH OUT

to outweigh

WELKIN

the sky

WELKIN

sky-blue

WELL-LIKING

in good condition

WELL SAID

int. well done!

WEND

to go

WESAND

the wind-pipe

WHELK

a weal

WHELKED

marked with whelks or protuberances

WHEN

an exclamation of impatience

WHEN AS

when

WHERE

whereas

WHERE

a place

WHIFFLER

an officer who clears the way in processions

WHILE-ERE

a little while ago

WHILES

until

WHIP-STOCK

handle of a whip

WHIST

hushed, silent

WHITE

the centre of an archery butt

WHITELY

pale-faced.  A doubtful word

WHITING-TIME

bleaching time

WHITSTER

bleacher

WHITTLE

a clasp knife

WHOO-BUB

hubbub

WHOOP

to cry out with astonishment

WICKED

noisome, baneful

WIDOW

to give a jointure to

WIDOWHOOD

widow’s jointure

WIGHT

person

WILD

weald

WILDERNESS

wildness

WIMPLED

veiled, hooded

WINDOW-BARS

lattice-work across a woman’s stomacher

WINDRING

winding

WINTER-GROUND

to protect (a plant) from frost

WIS

in the compound ‘I wis,’ certainly

WISH

to commend

WISTLY

wistfully

WIT

knowledge, wisdom

WITHOUT

beyond

WITS

five, the five senses

WITTOL

a contented cuckold

WITTY

intelligent

WOMAN-TIRED

hen-pecked

WONDERED

marvellously gifted

WOOD

mad

WOODCOCK

a simpleton

WOODMAN

a forester, huntsman

 

A cant term for a wencher

WOOLWARD

shirtless

WORD

to flatter or put off with words

 

to repeat the words of a song

WORLD

‘To go to the world’ is to get married

 

so ‘a woman of the world’ is a married woman

WORM

a serpent

WORSER

worse

WORSHIP

to honour

WORTH

wealth, fortune

WORTS

cabbages

WOT

to know

WOUND

twisted about

WREAK

vengeance

WREAK

to avenge

WREAKFUL

revengeful, avenging

WREST

an instrument used for tuning a harp

WRIT

gospel, truth

WRITHLED

shrivelled

WROTH

calamity, misfortune

WRUNG

twisted, strained

WRY

to swerve

 

 

X

 

XANTHIPPE

Socrate’s scolding wife

 

 

Y

 

YARE

ready, being understood

YARELY

readily

YAW

out of control

Y-CLAD

clad

Y-CLEPED

called, named

YEARN

to grieve, vex

YELLOWNESS

jealousy

YELLOWS

a disease of horses

YEOMAN

a sheriff’s officer

YIELD

to reward

 

to report

YOND

and yonder

YOUNKER

tyro

 

 

Z

 

ZANY

a clown, gull